Also known as "Feudal Japan." Used a military style Bafuku (tent government) with the Emperor as a powerless figurehead.
1199: Minamoto Yoritomo dies and Shogunate comes under regency administered by Hojo clan.
1221: Emperor Go-Toba attempts rebellion against Shogun but is defeated.
Sect of Buddhism introduced in Japan with an emphasis placed on meditation and individual experience over subornation to learned doctrine and instruction. Popular among the samurai for its austerity and search for clarity.
Traditional form of Japanese musical theatre. Noh Theatre is highly ritualized with plays and performance unchanged since beginning. Only male performers allowed, all wearing masks. Consist of five dramas interspersed by shorter farcical plays, traditionally.
Mongol Invasions of Japan
Mongols attack Japan landing men on the southern island of Kyushu with 800 ships and 23,000 men. Japanese ferocity prevents Mongols from landing their entire force, though outnumbered and the Mongols were equipped with gunpowder weapons. A large typhoon scatters the Mongol fleet in 1274. In a second invasion in 1280, a second typhoon destroys the Mongol fleet, killing about 120,000. Samurai gain stature as the Hojo authority is undermined.
Meaning is "one who serves," warriors accepted by Daimyo. They originally were specialist in mounted archery, would become infantry by Mongol invasions. They were the only individuals authorized to carry two swords. They would eventually gain authority of summary capital judgement. Traditionally paid a koku (180 liters) of rice or granted land.
Also known as "wave men." These were warriors not bound in service. They often survived through banditry or as mercenaries. Enemies of the Samurai.