2009-2-17 1 Asia and the Pacific JLMC 576 World Communication System Daqi Liu Overview ?Large population ?Economy: sharp contrasts contrasts ?Politics: varied systems ?Culture: rich and diverse heritage Map of Asia and the Pacific Media in Asia and the Pacific ? Asia -- growth -- financial crash -- media ethics -- self-control & government control ? Pacific: developing, dependent Media in Asia and the Pacific ?Print Media -- large circulation (East Asia) -- large readership readership ? culture: reading and education Media in Asia and the Pacific ?Electronic Media -- highly developed: radio, television -- uneven development -- cultural influences -- government control -- example: STAR (Satellite Television Asian Region) TV, Asiavision 2009-2-17 2 Media in Asia and the Pacific ?News Services -- various patterns -- two regional news services: regional services: The Asia News Network Depthnews -- national government news agencies Government-Media Relations ? Varied: -- authoritarian -- libertarian -- communist -- social responsibility -- development -- democratic-participant ? Commonality: nation building ? Control mechanism Media Freedom ?Anarchist Libertarianism ?Self-Censoring Libertarianism ?Confucian Authoritarianism Authoritarianism ?Reforming Communism ?Development Media Country: China Facts ?Full name: People?s Republic of China ?Population: 1.34 billion (UN, 2008) ?Capital: Beijing ?Area: 9.6 million sq km (3.7 million sq miles) ?Major language: Mandarin Chinese ?GDP per capita: $6,100 (2008 est.) Media in China ?Newspapers and Journals -- Number of Daily Newspapers: 816 -- Number of Nondaily Newspapers: 1,344 -- national and local newspaper -- magazine market: big expansion 2009-2-17 3 -- People?s Daily (national voice of the Party) -- Southern Weekend (investigative reporting) -- References News (foreign wire service) ?Television -- Number of Television Stations: 3240 -- richest and hottest medium -- set up along administrative lines -- diversity of programs -- CCTV (China Central Television) channel 1: general news channel 2: business channel 3: arts channel 4: international (Chinese) channel 5: sports channel 6: movies channel 7: military and agriculture channel 8: dramatic series channel 9: international (English) channel 10: education channel 11: peking opera channel 12: society and law -- Phoenix TV (Mandarin language broadcasts out of Hong Kong) -- StarTV (Product of Rupert Murdoch?s Asia arm, Star Group Ltd.)p) -- SunTV (Reworked History channel programming, panel discussions from Chinese intellecturals) TV programs -- Chinese ?Pop Idol? Super Girl 2005 -- Chinese ?Ugly Betty? Ugly Wu Di -- Spring Festival Gala Evening 2009 Spring Festival Gala Song Zuying & Jay Zhou ?Radio -- Number of Radio Stations: over 10,000 -- CRI (China Radio International) ?Internet -- Number of Individuals with Internet Access: 22,500,000 -- Xinhua net (Xinhua?s English service) -- Sohu, Sina, Baidu, Tom 2009-2-17 4 ?News services -- Xinhua News Agency the only CCP-mandated news agency the largest news organization several publications -- China News Service the second largest news agency ?Main Regulators -- State Administration of Radio, Film and Television -- General Administration of Press and Publication -- example: anti-vulgar Internet crackdown ?Government & Media -- administrative supervision -- keep the Party?s spirits -- weakening of party controls Questions: ?What are the barriers to media development in Asia and the Pacific? ?Which press model or models can be found iAi dhP ifi?in As a an t e acific ?China?s press model? ?The most powerful and influential TV station in China? ?The official press agency of China? Administrator Microsoft PowerPoint - 576.ppt [????]
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