Assignment 9 - Laws, Courts & Justice
- Blinn College
- Government 2306
- Assignment 9 - Laws, Courts & Justice
Last Modified: 2010-11-27
Related Textbooks:Practicing Texas Politics, 2009-2010 Update
B) the trial judge’s granting a motion for a new trial.
C) an innocent verdict by the trial court.
D) dismissal of a grand jury indictment by the trial judge (may appeal)
C) determining the validity of wills of deceased persons.
D) distributing the property of persons who died intestate.
C) felony offenses
D) misdemeanor offenses
B) original criminal jurisdiction for class A and class B misdemeanors.
C) original jurisdiction over the probating of wills.
D) appellate criminal jurisdiction for cases appealed from municipal and justice of the peace courts.
be placed under community supervision.
B) Some judicial districts hear only criminal cases.
C) In counties where there is more than one judicial district, the judge in each district has countywide jurisdiction.
applies the law, and the jury finds the fact.
C) All have more than one justice.
D) Justices must be attorneys with prior legal or judicial experience
B) The average death penalty case requires over 10 years from arrest through execution.
C) Texas has executed more prisoners than any other state since imposition of the death penalty resumed in 1976.
D) Execution is cheaper than imprisonment.
2) house persons arrested pending trial, providing they have not made bond or have been denied bond.
3) house inmates convicted of felonies pending transfer to state facilities.
A being the worst.
Monetary fines, not sentenced to jail
Matters not covered by criminal law - torts, contracts, domestic relations or family law(marriage, divorce, parental custody.
Involve individuals or corporations./ private cases not related to the state
Economic damages, noneconomic damages, or exemplary or punitive damages.
The tx constitution provides for these.
First degree and A being the worst
Murder becomes a Capital felony when: murder of child under age 6, peace officer, firefighter, prison employee,inmate-on-inmate, unborn child
Death penalty: all jurors have to agree to sentence
All other appeals are heard first by the court of appeals in the district in which the trial was held, ultimately going to the Tx Court of Criminal Appeals.
-Shares responsibility with Justice of the Peace Courts and misdemeanors which are punishable by a fine, but no jail time.
-Handle criminal violations in cases involving the health and public safety of the citizens of the city - traffic
-No civil jurisdiction, unless handling civil cases that involve dangerous dogs.
-Concurrent jurisdiction w/ JP over class C misdemeanors w/in city limits.
-Handle lawsuits involving damages of not more than $5000
-Shares responsibility with municipal courts with misdemeanors which are punishable by a fine, but no jail time, conduct weddings, issue search and arrest warrants, issue certificates of death
-You don't have to be a lawyer to be a judge
-Has original jurisdiction for only class C misdemeanor criminal case
-Hear civil cases that involve damages between $200 & $100,000
-Handle will & estates
-Hear criminal cases with fines of $500 or more & jail time up to one year
-Hear retrials of cases appealed from local trial courts.
-Handle juvenile matters.
-Every county in TX has a county court, some more than one b/c of population
-Probate courts- deal with wills
-Have original jurisdiction over all Class A & B misdemeanor criminal cases.
-Hear civil cases that involve damages of $200
-Hear divorce and child custody cases
-Hear all criminal cases that are considered felonies
-Handle juvenile cases
-If convicted, sent either to Courts of Appeals or Criminal Court of Appeals
-Do not try cases, have juries, or hear witnesses
-Review actions & decisions of the lower courts on questions of law or allegations of procedural error.
-Hear all civil cases and criminal cases that are appealed from district or county courts, with the exception of death penalty cases
-Handle appeals of juvenile cases
# of justices=3-13
-Hears appeals for all death penalty cases
-Not looking necessarily at the evidence but if the trial was done properly. Did the jury behave?
-Handles appeals of all juvenile cases from the Courts of Appeals.
-First established in 1836 by the Constitution of the Republic of Tx & re-established by each successive constitution
-Consists of one chief justice & eight justices
-Has statewide, final appellate jurisdiction in most civil & criminal cases
-Caseload is directly affected by the structure & jurisdiction of Texas' appellate court system.
-Established to relieve constitutional county court judges of some or all courtroom duties
-Legislature has authorized over 200 statuary courts(other name for them)
-Criminal jurisdiction is limited to misdemeanors(with few exceptions)
-Limited to controversies involving amounts of $200---$100,000
Provided for in the tx constitution
Counties pay the costs of constitutional county courts, county courts of law, JP's and operating costs of distric courts.
Cities finance the operation of municipal courts.
County courts at law and Justice of the peace judges are appointed by the Commissioners Court.
Have original & exclusive jurisdiction over probate matter, guardianship cases, & mental health commitments
Probate matter might be heard in county court, county court at law, statutory probate court, or district court
ex. TX Commission on Environmental Quality sets pollution limits & imposes fine on violators.
No new facts may be introduced, usually only examines record of the trial.
Words From Our Students
"StudyBlue is great for studying. I love the study guides, flashcards, and quizzes. So extremely helpful for all of my classes!"
Alice, Arizona State University
"I'm a student using StudyBlue, and I can 100% say that it helps me so much. Study materials for almost every subject in school are available in StudyBlue. It is so helpful for my education!"
Tim, University of Florida
"StudyBlue provides way more features than other studying apps, and thus allows me to learn very quickly! I actually feel much more comfortable taking my exams after I study with this app. It's amazing!"
Jennifer, Rutgers University
"I love flashcards but carrying around physical flashcards is cumbersome and simply outdated. StudyBlue is exactly what I was looking for!"