-infants become attached to a person at a very young age, attachment is expressed in behaviour because the infant tries to be near that person. -through the interactions with this attachment figure. Infants build up a picture in their minds, an ‘internal working model’ of how relationships usually work, this is eventually extended to other people, and the model becomes less of a working model and more of a fixed expectation of how people should behave towards the child and how the child should behave in reaction to that. -The attachment figure becomes a secure base for us -we seek proximity to the attachment figure (secure base) when we are afraid, hungry or ill. -we use the secure base as a safe haven, when we explore new experiences -we experience distress, when the attachment figure becomes unavailable to us.
- When an infant trusts the caregiver; a stable and positive emotional bond
avoidant attachment style
an attachment style characterized by a suppression of attachment needs, because attempts to be intimate have been rebuffed; people with this style find it difficult to develop intimate relationships
secure attachment style
an attachment style characterized by feelings of security in relationships. Individuals with this style are comfortable with intimacy and want to be close to others during times of threat and uncertainty
An attachment style characterized by ambivalence and discomfort toward close relationships. People with a fearful-avoidant style desire closeness with others but feel unworthy of others' affection and so do not seek out intimacy
A behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors including exposure therapies and aversive conditioning.