?FOOD AND NUTRITION SCIENCE 474 Dr. Hildebrandt NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT OF INFANTS I. Anthropometric A. Infant = 0 - 12 months B. Growth is a strong predictor of health and nutritional status ?Watch growth to determine breast milk meal size C. High variability in growth rate within this age group ?Normal to have variations in ?Express energy needs by weight, not age 1. Protein and energy needs are expressed by Kg body weight, not age, due to the high variation in growth rate within age groups D. Periods of peak growth velocity 1. infancy ?Fat cells ?Chubbiness is mostly water ?Do not do restriction 2. adolescence ?Restriction sometimes used ?Want to restrict how many fat cells used E. Up to 10 years of age, no distinction is made between genders ?Puberty going younger oHormones responding to body fat in girls oPediatric fat oBody gets signal to support shifts in hormones oMenstruation hits earlier oWant to use older girls? recommendations for vits and mins oEspecially those that help red blood cell production ?Charts different for different ethnicities, health conditions
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