"the state of complete mental, physical & social well being not merely the absence of disease or infirmity"
health (textbook definition)
a dynamic state or condition of the human organism that is multidimensional (physical, emotion, social, intellect, spirit, occupation) in nature, a resource for living, & results from a person's interactions w/ & adaptations to his or her environment
health status of a defined group of people, actions & conditions to protect & improve health of community
combination of planned learning experiences; based on theories that provide individuals, groups, communities opportunity to acquire information & skills needed to make quality health decisions
planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory, organizational mechanisms to support actions & conditions of living conducive to health of individuals, groups, communities
process of reducing risk & alleviating disease to promote, preserve, restore health & minimize suffering & distress
science & art of protecting & improving health of communities through education, promotion of healthy lifestyles, research for disease & injury prevention
health problems, issues, concerns that transcend national boundaries; may be influenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries, best addressed by cooperative actions & solutions
health status of people not organized & have no identity as a group or locality & actions & conditions to promote, protect, preserve health
coordinated school health program
organized polices, procedures, activities to protect, promote, improve health & well-being of students & staff, improving each student's learning ability; includes comprehensive school health education & services, healthy environment, counseling, PE
approach to health, focuses on balancing aspects, dimensions, of a person's life through adoption of health-enhancing conditions & behaviors rather than minimizing conditions of illness
eclectic in nature; as applied science, derives its body of knowledge from variety of disciplines; connected to facts, principles, concepts drawn from biological, behavioral, sociological & health services
a process or several processes; a field of study
In what way may health education & promotion be best described?
as an emerging profession
a calling requiring specialized knowledge, often long & intensive academic preparation
What are the characteristics of a profession?
requirements for entry
specialized body of knowledge & expertise
standards of practice
commitment to serving a significant social value
code of ethics
Who developed the list of characteristics of a profession
Feeny & Freeman
a professionally prepared indiviudal who serves in roles & is specifically trained to use appropriate education strategies & methods to facilitate development of policies, procedures, interventions, etc. conducive to health
health education specialist
someone having completed education &/or training requirements currently associated w/ being professionally prepared
Era of Public Health
1974 - present
an era in light of history which now strives to develop & improve universal health through education, promotion & efficacy
What was the first public health revolution?
The span from the late 19th century through the mid-20th century, characterized by the development of control over infectious diseases; under control by the 1950's
What are the prevailing trends of infectious & chronic diseases, respectively?