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What is the problem of evil?
How to reconcile the existence of evil in the world with the existence of a good and all powerful God
What is the distinction between moral and natural evil?
Moral evil originates in people and expresses itself in sinful actions
Natural evil originates from natural processes of creation; Cosmic Curse
What is a theodicy?
An explanation for the problem of evil that vindicate God’ goodness & power in light of evil
Be able to respond to the problem of evil with a theological solution and pastorally.(free will defense) & (God created world without sin)
Evil needed to appreciate good, for spiritual growth, God created world without evil but with free-will creatures for whom evil was a possibility.
God is acquainted with suffering & evil (Isaiah 53:3 2 Cor 5:21), God is at work in the midst of evil (Romans 8:28), Evil has been defeated (Col 2:15, 1 John 4:4, Rev 20:10), Future glory (Romans 8:18)
What is Christology? Explain the person of Jesus.(fill in the blank)
Christology -study of person and work of Jesus.
Two natures (fully & equally divine and human) in one person
Explain the Kingdom of God (reign & realm, present & future)
Reign of God (abstract) & Realm over which God rules (concrete)
Both present & Future
What are the five evidences of Jesus’ divinity?(listing)
Fulfillment of Old Testament Prophecies- Ex: Birth in Bethlehem
Miracles- Ex: John 3:2
Jesus claimed & accepted it- Ex: Matt. 16:16
Titles- Ex: Christ
Resurrection- Ex: Rom 1:4
Explain the significance of each of the major titles for Jesus (Christ/Messiah, Son of God, Son of Man, Lord, Word). (multiple choice, fill in the blank, or matching)
Christ/Messiah-expected deliverer of God’s people, who ushers in the kingdom of God, literally means anointed one.
Son of God-Unique Son of God or divine, Intimacy with the Father, obedience.
Son of man- Jesus’ self designation
Lord- Term reflecting authority, Earliest Christian confession
Word- Hellenist background-order of universe, Jewish background-creation by means of word
Explain the five evidences that points to the full humanity of Jesus.(Give reference w/ scripture)
Scripture- Ex. Luke 2:52
Emotional descriptions- Ex: cried, scared
Physical descriptions- Ex: Pain on the cross, beatings
Self limitation- Ex: surprised
Death-Ex: He died on the cross
Why is the sinlessness (impeccable) of Jesus important?
Perfect sacrifice and example
What is the incarnation?(Fill in the blank)
God becoming flesh
Explain how Jesus “made himself nothing” or “emptied himself” (kenosis) in Phil 2:5-11.(know kenosis)
Jesus was not of divine attributes but privileges
What is the issue of Isaiah 7:14 & the virgin birth? What is the purpose of virgin birth?(only need first two purposes)
Literally young unmarried girl understood as virgin.
Means of incarnation
Sign of deliverance from sin
Need to trust & God’s intervention
Not to avoid original sin
What is Mariology? What are its major teachings?(explain one taching)
Roman Catholic theological teaching about Mary
Coredemptrix along with Christ
Intercession for sinners
Assumption into heaven
What is meant by atonement?
How the death of Christ makes possible reconciliation between God and mankind who has been estranged by man’s sin
Explain the theories of the atonement (ransom, satisfaction, substitutionary, moral influence, government, victory, recapitulation). How does the illustration of a diamond help in understanding atonement?(fill in the blank)
Ransom paid to Satan
Satisfaction given to God
Jesus is our substitute bearing our punishment
Example of Christ love inspires us to live for God subjective understanding effect on individual
Is example of God punishing sin
Christ defeats Satan
Founder of new humanity
What is the distinction between propitiation & expiation? What is imputation?
Idea of appeasing God’s wrath (propitiation) over canceling or removing of sin (expiation)
Imputation - transfer of sin / righteousness
What might be meant by Jesus’ descent into hell?(give two)
Descend into the grave - state of death
Experienced pains of hell on Cross
Hades – abode of dead-Preached to dead (second chance),Proclaimed release to OT believers
Hell - Proclaimed triumph to wicked dead and/or fallen angels
What is the evidence for the reality of the death of Jesus?
Sweat blood, Flogging, Crucifixion, Blood & Water from side, conformation by soldiers
Why is the burial of Jesus an important pillar of the faith?
Confirms death and makes resurrection verifiable
What is the evidence for the reality of the resurrection of Jesus?(listing)
Witnesses multiple and independent
Early followers willing to die
Preaching of early church
Conversion of skeptics ex: Paul and James
Existence of church
Collective force of argumentAlternatives don’t make sense ex: swoon theory
What is the kerygma?(bonus what makes us kerygma)
Initial gospel presentation designed to introduce someone to Christ (proclamation). Idea of preaching of early church
Response briefly to the false explanations of the resurrection (swooned, stolen, wrong tomb, mistaken identity)
Swooned-Unconscious but revived in cool tomb
Stolen- By disciples / Joseph / Authorities
Wrong tomb-Women and disciples saw where it was buried and they all went to the right tombMistaken identity- Gardener & Emmaus road, No doubt in accounts / Number / Produce right tomb
What does the resurrection of Jesus accomplish? (Cottrell)(listing)
Demonstrates Jesus’ Lordship
Victory over death & Satan
Highlights (inaugurates) kingdom of God
Validates the crossGives life to dead
What is salvation? What is the background for the term? What is the basis of salvation? What is the distinction between saving grace and common grace?(fill in the blank)
God’s deliverance of mankind from the effects and power of sin through Jesus Christ. Rescue from danger and wholeness or health. Grace. Saving grace is limited to the work of salvation and Common grace is God’s goodness shown to all people through general providence.
What are the two failures of a works/law system of salvation?
Require perfection and can’t deal with guilt
Explain the role of the law for Christians today.
Unsatisfactory-Ceremonial law ended, moral law in effect. Fulfilled in Jesus Christ
What is the place of works in the Christian life?
Product not means of salvation
Background of salvation terminology:
What are the three perspectives we discussed regarding the above terms? (whole, two stage process, three stage process)-
Describe salvation as a whole
Describe salvation as a two stage process, Justification- one time action at conversion, pronounced or accepted as righteous and Sanctification – continued growth processThird stage- Idea of Regeneration - enabled to believe by Holy Spirit
Explain the ideas of “position” & “condition” in the Christian life.
Position is our saved state
Condition is the growth process
What is the three-part definition of faith? What is the question over faith’s source?
Assent to certain truths (mind), Trust in person (will), Action. Is it a gift from God or does it come by hearing?
What is repentance?(fill in the blank)
Literally means change in one’s mind, Change in regard to sin & turning to God, More than regret or sorrow
What does confession mean? What is the good confession?
Literally means to say the same thing, Content in the good confession, public
Be able to discuss the purpose (symbolic, casual, salvation) subjects (infant/pedobaptism & believer’s) and mode (sprinkling/pouring & immersion) of baptism *purpose*(give a couple)
· Symbolic - outward sign of inward grace. Compared to circumcision, Refers to spiritual circumcision
· Casual - water cleanses even without faith (baptismal regeneration)
· Salvation Process-forgiveness of sin, Gift of holy spirit
Be able to discuss the purpose (symbolic, casual, salvation) subjects (infant/pedobaptism & believer’s) and mode (sprinkling/pouring & immersion) of baptism *subject*
· Infant baptism or Pedobaptism-No prohibition, Children to be brought to Jesus, Comparable to circumcision, household baptisms, Children made holy by parents.Believers baptism-Preceded by faith & repentance
Be able to discuss the purpose (symbolic, casual, salvation) subjects (infant/pedobaptism & believer’s) and mode (sprinkling/pouring & immersion) of baptism *mode*
· Pouring or Affusion- Allowed in Didache, availability of much water
· Sprinkling or Aspersion- Done for sick or infirmed, Wider practice in 13th century
· Immersion- meaning of word- dip or plunge, practice in N.T.symbolism of death, burial & resurrection
What is election? What are the two approaches to it? (service, salvation)
God’s choosing of individuals to accomplish his purpose
Service-Individual jobs for people
Salvation- Idea of predestination
What are the three views on predestination? What does TULIP stand for?
Individual or Calvinism, foreknowledge or Arminianism, Corporate / groupTotal depravity, Unconditional election, Limited atonement, Irresistible grace, Perseverance of saints
What are the three views on assurance as outline by Cottrell?
Once saved always saved
Always trying never sureSimply trusting, fully forgiving
What is the distinction between perseverance and eternal security? What is apostasy?
Apostasy is a biblical concept that generally refers to those who fall away from belief in God.
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