non-living chemical and physical factors in the environment
produced by life or living organisms
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
The passage of a nutrient or element through an ecosystem, including its assimilation and release by various organisms and its transformation into various organic or inorganic chemical forms.
(autotrophs) utilize energy from the sun and nutrients from the abiotic environment to perform photosynthesis and grow.
relies upon the feeding of other organisms for survival
flow of energy through a food chain.
Ecosystem services that are necessary for the production of all other ecosystem services
The products obtained from ecosystems, including, for example, genetic resources, food and fiber, and fresh water.
The benefits obtained from the regulation of ecosystem processes, including the regulation of climate, water, and some human diseases
non-material benefits people obtain from ecosystems through spiritual enrichment, cognitive development, reflection, recreation
supposition or tentative explanation for (a group of) phenomena, facts, or a scientific inquiry that may be tested, verified or answered by further investigation or methodological experiment.
the means of science by which phenomena are observed, hypotheses are tested, and conclusions are drawn.
pertains to being above or beyond what is natural, unexplainable by natural law or phenomena
one of the main principles of the scientific method, and refers to the ability of a test or experiment to be accurately reproduced, or replicated, by someone else working independently
refers to its ability to generate testable predictions
the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
assumes that the same natural laws and processes that operate in the universe now, have always operated in the universe in the past and apply everywhere in the universe.
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world
technical descriptive classification of sedimentary rocks devised by Robert L. Folk
organisms are grouped based upon synapomorphies (shared derived characteristics) only, and not upon symplesiomorphies (shared ancestral characteristics)
formal system for classifying and naming living things based on a simple hierarchical structure, from most general to most similar
the individual and kin group(s) and the relationships between them; cultural identity. (Genealogy)
English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection
religious belief that humanity, life, the Earth, and the universe were created in some form by a supernatural being or beings
Ex Nihilo Creation
"creation out of nothing"
a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment
refers to evolution that occurs at or below the level of species, such as a change in the gene frequency of a population of organisms or the process by which new species are created
refers to evolution that occurs above the level of species, such as the origin of new designs (feathers, vertebrates from invertebrates, jaws in fish), large scale events (extinction of dinosaurs), broad trends (increase in brain size in mammals)
traditional ecological knowledge. Place-based knowledge in which people learn to adapt to their own environment through interactions, observations and experiences with their ecological system
occurring or changing along with time
occurring or existing at the same time or having the same period or phase
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