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ATP (high energy) loses phosphate (energy released), creating ADP (low energy). Then, the ADP gains phosphate (energy gained), turning back into ATP. The cycle continues.
Simple diffusion is ____________ (active or passive) transport, meaning the cell _________________ (uses or does not use) energy.
When ___________ moves across a cell membrane it is osmosis.
How do these molecules/materials move across a cell membrane?
1. molecular oxygen (O2)
3. carbon dioxide (CO2 )
4. ions (two ways) 1. 2.
5. proteins (two ways) 1. 2.
Cellular respiration is a process of converting energy stored in _________ molecules into energy stored in ________ molecules using ____________.
What types of living things use cellular respiration?
Cellular respiration is a metabolic ______________. It involves many reactions, and is catalyzed by many _____________.
What 3 kinds of biological molecules can be broken down using cellular respiration?
Draw a mitochondrion and label these parts: outer membrane, inner membrane, space between membranes, and matrix.
Does glycolysis require oxygen?
Where does the intermediate step take place in eukaryotic organisms?
Where does the citric acid cycle take place in eukaryotic organisms?
Fermentation is a process of converting energy stored in _________ molecules into energy stored in ________ molecules without using ______________.
Yeast use ________________ fermentation.
What are the products of alcoholic fermentation?
Leavened __________, beer and wine are produced using alcoholic fermentation.
Organisms classified as plants
use ____________________ to obtain energy,
have cell ________ containing cellulose,
Most plants have these characteristics that enable them to live on land.
____________ - underground organs
_____________ - aboveground organs that bear leaves
_______________ - main organs of photosynthesis in most plants
_______________ - waxy layer covering aboveground parts to reduce water loss
____________ - another component of cell walls besides cellulose
______________ ___________ - to move water and other materials around the plant
1. Does this group of plants have vascular tissue?
2. Does this group of plants reproduce with spores or seeds?
3. Does this group of plants have flowers and fruit?
Which plant group do these plants belong to? (mosses, ferns, gymnosperms, or angiosperms)
pine tree__________________________, peach tree ________________________,
bean plant __________________________, spruce tree ________________________,
tomato plant ___________________________, fir tree ________________________,
redwood tree ___________________________, tulip _________________________,
juniper __________________________, apple tree _________________________
Are there organisms that live in water that photosynthesize?
Photosynthesis is a process of converting ______________ energy into chemical energy in __________ molecules.
Photosynthesis is a metabolic _____________. It involves many reactions, and is catalyzed by many _____________.
Draw a chloroplast and label these parts: outer membrane, inner membrane, stroma, and thylakoid.
Which type of phytoplankton have a cell wall containing silica (glass) and are commonly used as indicators of water quality?
What is diatomaceous earth?
_______________ are large, multicellular, marine algae.
Why do these different types of seaweed have different colors?
Kelp is a type of ___________ algae.
What is Giardia?
What causes malaria? __________ (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protists?) transmitted into the body by mosquitoes
A _______________ slime mold exists as single cells, and as a multicellular organism, at different times.
What are purposes of cell division?
What happens during interphase?
When DNA is replicated, is all or only part of it copied?
one _______ molecule and its associated proteins
How many chromosomes does a human body cell have?
Are daughter cells produced by mitosis genetically identical to each other? Why or why not?
What is the mitotic spindle composed of and what is its purpose?
When is the mitotic spindle present in cells?
Are homologous chromosomes found in diploid cells, haploid cells, or both?
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