Last Modified: 2011-07-14
Related Textbooks:Chemical Principles: The Quest for Insight
2. Neolithic culture or 'new Stone Age'
3.9500 Bc in modern day Jericho
2. treat headache, convulsions, mental disorders (release demons)
3. treat depressed skull fractures
-An ailment which I will treat -An ailment with which I will contend -An ailment not to be treated
2. Translated in 1920
3. References to head injuries (treatment of head injury, changes in walking with head injury)....Suggests ancient cultures may have linked head or brain with mental function
4. One of the authors is thought to be Imhotep (father of egyptian medicine)...treatment for a split skull was sitting
2. Brain was treated with indifference
-It was removed through the noes with hooks and discarded(not needed for afterlife)
3.Heart considered too important to remove. (after death, gods weigh heart against a feather...if it is heavy with guilt and evil you get fed to the to the devourer, if it is free of sin, then you go to heaven
-Rejected the idea that seizures were due to gods or demons
- Suggested that charlatans relied on mystical explanations of disease to cover up their ignorance
2. Anger, fear, and courage- associated with the heart
3. Lust, Greed and Desire- associated with the gut and liver
-believed that the heart was responsible for intellect
(was an idiot and believed that warmth was critical for sensation and the heart was warm while brain was cool and purpose of brain was to cool the blood)
Galen however did not attribute specific function to specific parts of the brain.
•But, cardiocentric view of mind remained popular
- All of this done in secrecy as autopsies were forbidden
-between 1504 and 1507 he conducted a cattle ventricle experiment
•First to see the ventricles in humans were not different in shape compared to other mammals
•Noted over 200 errors by Galen … over 1000 years to compare Galen’s work to human brains •His teacher called him a madman, an ass, and said he should be, ‘…punished, lest by his pestilent breath he poison the rest of Europe.’
2. Rene Descartes
(no one really took this seroiusly but the dualism of mind/body was influential)
-first functional account of brain mediating behavior
stimulus to open ventricular valves to release animal spirits into nerves to stimulate muscle to a response
noticed that dorsal roots were more sensation based and ventral were more related to movement.
endless debate between magendie and bell..finally named bell and magendie law.
bulging eyes and good memory example as well as patient who was destructive with above ear prominence.
for clinical cases they emphasized cases that supported their theories and discarded the rest.
was able to convert a lot of skeptics of cortical localization
- actually discovered earlier by Bouillaud but he was a phrenologist
Words From Our Students
"StudyBlue is great for studying. I love the study guides, flashcards, and quizzes. So extremely helpful for all of my classes!"
Alice, Arizona State University
"I'm a student using StudyBlue, and I can 100% say that it helps me so much. Study materials for almost every subject in school are available in StudyBlue. It is so helpful for my education!"
Tim, University of Florida
"StudyBlue provides way more features than other studying apps, and thus allows me to learn very quickly! I actually feel much more comfortable taking my exams after I study with this app. It's amazing!"
Jennifer, Rutgers University
"I love flashcards but carrying around physical flashcards is cumbersome and simply outdated. StudyBlue is exactly what I was looking for!"