3-26-09 catholicism in japan wiped out by WWII and japanese nationalism Nara Period 710-784 “prehistory” no language, little amount of stone work buddhism came a few decades before this Nara is capital of japan buddhists have been accepted by aristocracy of japan. Buddhism came to ruling class not the people as normal. Allowed buddhism to take hold very easily. Empowered buddhism with money and power. Buddhists became wealthy, built large temples 6 buddhist philosophies in this period not “real” buddhism. It is elitest buddhism, riding a high ship that is not buddhist in nature. Built temple complex in Nara, cathedral like and campus like todai temple. 6 large japanese style buddhas . One large one was venerated by buddhists and shintos, Hachiman, holy person people would go through him to get to the buddha or the kami. Superhuman being facilitating your requests Common acceptance was not as widespread as with the aristocracy. Buddhism became fat and lazy and corrupt. Movement of capital from Nara to Kyoto Hiean Period new leadership knew that the nara buddhism was comprimised. Wanted buddhism that was available to all people. Sent monks to china to study mahyana buddhism. Kukai, Sachio monks sent to china are to find a style of buddhism that can be brought to japan and meet the spiritual needs of the japanese people. Come back with two different types of buddhism. Kukai comes back with tibetean style buddhism, shingon shingon preists have vajeria and bell in most images of them. More tantric and esoteric. establishes monistary on mount kaya Sachio comes with Tendai buddhism. Establishes monistary on mount aiei monk as a child, ordained a priest at 13, 18 fi rst monastery was an abbot. Set groundwork for other 1200 buildings that would come along. CAO DAI see handout Zoroastrianism Sirus the persian wipes out babolin and finds the jews from judha raises money to rebuild the jewish temple so the slaves would want to go home. Monotheistic religions common themes revelatory general, that which all can see and percieve. eg. Nature special, god breaks into history with a special message. Eg. The book of revelations. Theological thought of that jesus is alive. Messianic almost always a messiah. Islam has messianic hope, Christianity has Jesus. There is a savior Eschatological and apocalyptical component universalistic message: message for all people Charismatic Founder linear concept of time. Zoroastrianism lived a life well diciplined. No easy cross to bear. Good will win god is ahura Mazda, evil spirit angra mainyu, killed at 77 by rival religion priest via sword.