the ration or propotion of distances on the map the distances on the ground
Simple ratio in the form of 1:1,000,000.
The number on the left is the map
distance, the number on the right is the
Expresses the ratio in words.
A linear graphical scale drawn to show the estimation of the map distance to ground distance.
Map of any scale that presents a specific spatial distribution or single category of data.
Graduate circle, dot, isometric, isopleth, choropleth
Calculation refers not to a point but to an areal statistic
Lines conncet average vaules for unit areas
the representation of a 3D object into 2D
Cylindrical, Conical, Planar/Azimuthal
allows distance to be represented as accurately as possible.
compass bearings are rendered accurately.
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