Cell Biology Review
Last Modified: 2016-03-08
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells
Major Chemical Elements in Living Organisms
Nature of covalent and hydrogen bonds
Polar vs. non-polar covalent bonds
General Structure - Four Classes of Macromolecules - Protein
Base pairings in DNA (which bases pair with which)
Difference between RNA and DNA (single vs. double stranded, different sugars)
Three Stages of Aerobic Respiration
Role of electron carriers (e.g. NAD+/NADH)
Proton Motive Force
Fermentation vs. Aerobic Respiration
Fermentation: Pyruvate is converted to ethanol in two steps.
* No O2
Aerobic Respiration: O2 present
Central Dogma of Information Flow
What happens during DNA replication
Functions of mRNA, rRNA and tRNA
Negative Transcriptional Regulation (repression, induction)
Positive Transcriptional Regulation
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