Last Modified: 2011-07-01
the human organism is a whole living person. this is the result of all of the simpler levels working in unison to sustain life
ex- the head is superior to the abdomen
ex-the navel is inferior to the chin
ex-the breastbone is anterior to the spine
ex-the heart is posterior to the breastbone
ex-the heart is medial to the arm
ex-the arms are lateral to the chest
ex-the elbow is proximal to the wrist
ex-the knee is distal to the thigh
ex-the skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles
ex-the lungs are deep to the skin
ex-the right hand and right foot are ipsilateral
ex-the right hand and left foot are contralateral
3-dorsal hollow nerve cord
4-notocord and vertebrae
contains lungs, heart, intestines, and kidneys
divided into 2 parts: pelvic and abdominal cavity
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