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In the tuna industry, improvements in the means of production led to degradation of the conditions of production.
The result of the tuna industry transitioning from a Fordist to a post-Fordist industry includes all of the following, EXCEPT:
TNCs own all of the parts of production--from the fishing vessels to the processing plants.
The puzzle of tuna includes all of the following, EXCEPT:
Insatiable demand for tuna can only be met because tuna has an infinite resource base.
Which type of fishing method uses up to 60 miles of fishing line that is dragged behind a ship with thousands of hooks?
Bluefin tuna are not the only overfished species in the ocean. This fish was officially closed off from commercial fishing in 1992 and has yet to show signs of rebounding:
Which of the following is TRUE about the tuna industry?
Tuna used to be considered unfit for humans and used in pet foods instead.
All of the following are true about the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), EXCEPT:
Allows for the intentional death of dolphins as long as their populations remain above sustainable levels.
The fact that the vast majority of consumers care more about the welfare of dolphins over tuna is true for all of the following socially constructed reasons, EXCEPT:
Social construction has painted fish as vicious creatures that deserve to be killed.
Which type of fishing method produces the lowest overall catch in comparison to the other methods?
pole and line fishing
Which type of fishing method is responsible for the death of over 100,000 albatrosses each year?
Moral extensionism has been applied to tuna as much as to dolphins.
Which type of fishing method has been most blamed for the unintentional death of dolphins?
Post-Fordist industries are characterized by:
flexibility and impermanent locations for the processes of extraction, production, and exchange
There have been many positive strides for dolphin rights through labeling efforts. Unfortunately, the gains have accompanied ecological defeats which include all of the following, EXCEPT:
The unintentional increase of dolphin kills as fishers use even more dangerous methods to maximize tuna catches.
The ecological ethic is not opposed to the killing of individual animals as long as the species is not threatened.
Dolphin-safe labels are considered a success by the advocates of all of the following EXCEPT:
sustainable tuna harvesting
Which of the following is NOT true as it relates to dolphin-safe labels?
The move was a devastating blow to the U.S. tuna market.
Which type of fishing method involves using a net to encircle a school of fish, then drawing the bottom shut to confine the fish?
The ethic that promotes the well-being of individual animals rather than a species is the
animal rights ethic
The use of dolphin-safe labels is an example of which approach to solve environmental problems?
The yellowfin tuna industry is an example of _______ because its own success undermines the resource base upon which it depends.
the second contradiction of capitalism
An exclusive economic zone allows a country to:
decide whether foreign fishers may fish within 200 nautical miles of the country’s coastline.
The consumer boycott and dolphin-safe tuna labeling effectively led to the sustainable harvest of tuna.
Which type of fishing method involves capturing and rearing young wild tuna for human consumption?
The accidental harvest of non-targeted marine species is called what?
All of the following are true of locating yellowfin tuna by the presence of dolphins, EXCEPT:
This method is called “dolphin-baiting”
Which of the following is an example of green consumerism as related to tuna and dolphins?
Dolphin-safe labels on tuna products.
Under the auspices of capitalism, fishers in the tuna industry failed to realize their own roles in sustaining their livelihoods.
Which statement about green certification is TRUE?
Green certification does not prevent environmental degradation.
An example of overproduction as it related to bottled drink choices is:
There are too many choices of bottled drinks.
The bottled water industry is susceptible to greenwashing.
According to the notes, what percentage of plastic bottles are thrown away?
Which type of water scarcity involves a lack of water due to inadequate infrastructure from underdevelopment?
In underdeveloped countries, bottled water is used to replace water supplies that can be all of the following, EXCEPT:
Local water supplies are often associated with the wealthy only
Industrialized nations use less water per capita than less developed countries.
If a municipal water utility plant wanted to convey information about the safety of tap water, this would be an example of what?
Desalinization is an affordable way to increase water supplies.
All of the following have been implicated as contaminant dangers in tap water, EXCEPT:
All of the choices are true
Tap water is potentially safer than bottled water because it is more strictly regulated.
The type of water scarcity that is most prevalent in the United States is _______.
According to the United Nations, two-thirds of the world’s population may be living in water-stressed countries by what year?
When did bottled water consumption rapidly begin to increase?
The people of Mecosta County, MI, protested appropriation of groundwater by Nestlé in order to produce which brand of bottled water?
When water is appropriated from natural or public sources and then sold back to the community at a marked up price, this is called:
Which type of water scarcity involves a lack of water due to climatological and geographical factors?
In which location are you most likely to find techno-economic scarcity?
a rapidly growing city in South Africa
A _______ can be used to determine the environmental impact of a product through all stages of production and consumption.
life cycle analysis
Over the course of 15 years, some people spend as much on bottled water as the purchase of a decent sized home.
Which type of water scarcity involves a belief that existing water supplies are scarce or hazardous?
Which type of water scarcity mostly affects desert regions?
The rise of the bottled water industry was simultaneous with increasing privatization of municipal water supplies.
The Nestlé Corporation seized public water resources in Mecosta County, Michigan in order to bottle and sell the water. This process is known as _______.
Which government agency in the United States oversees municipal water?
According to the National Tap Water Database, the overall report for Michigan has found that the largest source of pollutants in our state comes from what source?
How are bottle water companies able to get affluent people to purchase water they could otherwise get for free?
Through successful marketing and packaging.
Oil is used in all of the following phases of the life cycle of bottled water, EXCEPT:
All of the choices involve the use of oil
Water has traditionally been seen as a _______, but has increasingly been privatized and sold as a _______.
common resource; commodity
Ounce for ounce, bottled water is more costly than oil.
All of the following statements concerning bottled water and tap water are true, EXCEPT:
No bottled water companies have adopted public water safety standards.
By reducing the genetic diversity of potatoes we are setting ourselves up for another potato blight.
____% of of all of the potatoes consumed are in fast food.
Which approach would agree with the following statement, “Creating new varieties of potatoes is a good thing as it will better serve the needs of humans”:
Food deserts are typically found in all of the following neighborhoods, EXCEPT:
neighborhoods with a low density of fast food restaurants
In the early to mid-1800s, the Irish relied heavily on the production of _______ potatoes.
Despite the influence of culture and marketing, people always have a choice about what they eat.
The term used for the rapid homogenization of food culture in the United States is called:
To protect a potato from destruction for the use of humans is known as:
Trans fats are now illegal in the United States.
The production of _______ potatoes was discontinued because of consumer fears about pesticide ingestion.
The Columbian exchange is the process by which Andean potatoes arrived in Europe.
The McDonaldization of the U.S. and the world is an example of _______.
the spatial fix
The U.S. fast food industry is largely responsible for the success of the Russet Burbank potato.
All of the following are true statements about fats, EXCEPT:
in 1957 the AHA linked trans fats to heart disease
Maintaining a registry of genetic material for the many varieties of an organism can be viewed as a form of sustainable agriculture based on a land ethic approach.
The consumption of trans fat has always been known to be a health risk.
Which of the following presents the greatest threat to agrodiversity?
Which of the following is NOT true regarding the history of the potato?
Potatoes were originally viewed as food for the elite and wealthy.
This is a marketing strategy centered on promoting a recognizable product through advertising exposure:
Which of the following is not a growth input for the Russet Burbank potato?
Who is the largest buyer of potatoes in the world?
The Russet Burbank is the major export of which state in the U.S.?
All of the following are problems associated with GM crops, EXCEPT:
Humans are too trusting of these crops.
French fries make up 90% of the ___________ potato market.
Which of the following is NOT true regarding the CIP?
Is a clear example of a preservation approach.
The term used for the process by which a single crop is grown and harvested to the exclusion of other types of crops is:
People are more likely to _______ the risks associated with trans fats because the consequences are _______.
underestimate; not immediate
The “New Leaf” potato was created by:
Lumper potatoes no longer exist.
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