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Ch 12 Corrections
Ch 12 Corrections
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Most staff in prison interact extensively w/ other staff, to a much greater proportion than they do w/ other inmates. T or F
A prison requires many of the same services & employees as a small city. T or F
Most prisons have military chain of command. T or F
In the past, wardens had many demands on them to be external managers b/c corrections was of great interest to elected officials, the courts, or the media. T or F
Wardens cannot be the substantive experts on everything that goes on in the prison. T or F
A warden may directly instruct a correctional officer to carry out a function w/o passing the instruction through correctional supervisors. T or F
There are no longer autonomous wardens who run their prisons as they desire & answer to no one. T or F
Currently, the public has much more interest in & much higher expectations for corrections than in the past. T or F
Federal courts have always been involved in correctional management issues. T or F
Wardens play a minor role in setting & reinforcing the organizational culture. T or F
Prisons & jails have different missions, but there is little difference in the role that correctional officers play in the 2 types of facilities. T or F
Routine is very important to the successful operation of a correctional facility. T or F
Stress is not particularly common among correctional officers. T or F
It is fairly easy to gain compliance from prison inmates. T or F
Studies have found either no or only minor differences in the attitudes & job performance of women compared to men. T or F
In a chain of command, who might a correctional officer report to directly?
What prison officer manages resources, acts as a role model for staff, & defines professional expectations?
Correctional officers & supervisors make up approx what percentage of all staff in state & federal prisons?
Which activity is a housing unit officer most likely to do first when starting day watch?
Report for duty & read the logbook of the prior shifts activities.
Which best describes correctional work, according to Farkas & Manning?
at times routines & monotonous, & at other times, it is risky & unpredictable
What is a cause of stress among correctional officers?
3. shift work
4. supervisor demands
5. threat & violence
6. inmate demands & manipulations
7. proobs w/ co-workers
8.poor public image & poor pay
What results from understaffing?
too much work is forced on correctional officers in too little time.
apprehension about the supervision of large #s of inmates w/o potential back up support
an inability to get time off for special occasions or family crises
What position is most critical to the day-to-day management of a prison?
Which officers are usually assigned to some of the most sensitive & explosive areas of the prison?
Which department would service staff work in?
What best describes the culture Stateville penitentiary under Warden Joseph Ragen?
At what point in the staff-inmate continuum does staff demand compliance from inmates through threats & intimidation?
What were arguments against women working as correctional officers? (3)
1. not strong enough
2. their presence would be disruptive to prison operations (inmates would not follow their orders or fight for their attention)
3. privacy of male inmates would have to be violated
What does BFOQ stand for?
bona fide occupational qualification
The court found in this 1979 case that inmate privacy was not a valid reason to refuse to hire women as correctional officers.
Gunther v. Iowa
Which is considered a benefit of having women as correctional officers?
the style of supervision of female correctional officers of male inmates may bring a calming & normalized influence to a prison.
___ are prison systems that consist of only the internal environment, under the direct control of the warden, & without much interest or any interference from external groups.
Prison systems that have frequent interactions between the organization & other groups to obtain resources, gain support, & accomplish goals are___
__ is the vertical hierarchy in an organization.
chain of command
through ___, staff do not just receive orders continuously from their supervisors, & can make decisions & perform duties consistent w/ policy when they must act independently.
___ are traditional authorities w/in an organization who were involved in exchange relationships between leaders & followers, & provided answers & direction for all issues that confronted the agency.
Leaders who exercise leadership based on principles, while motivating staff to jointly address challenges & find solutions to new problems are___
The values, beliefs, & behaviors that form the way of life w/in an organization is the ___
The ___ is the staff person in a prison or jail who accomplishes the institution's mission by maintaining control & order w/in the institution.
The detailed description of the activities that are required to be performed throughout the day, including the time they are to occur, are the ___
n or jail staff who work in the security or custody department & are responsible for the implementation of security policies & procedures are ___
Prison or jail staff in a specialty are who require distinctive training & education & may also require a professional certification are called ___
A culture based on the way prison leadership deals & communicates w/ subordinate staff & that has a continuum between autocratic & empowered is a(n)___
A(n) ___ is based on how staff view & communicate w/ inmates & has a continuum between authoritarian & reasoned.
Throughout history, most prisons have operated toward the ___ end of the management culture continuum.
In ___, the Supreme Court ruled that a BFOQ against female correctional officers was allowable b/c of the deplorable conditions of the particular prison & the presence of predatory male sex offenders.
Dothard v. Rawlinson (1977)
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