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Michigan State University
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Contemporary Linguistics: An Introduction
in an experiment, the behavior or event thta is measured
event-realted potentials (ERPs)
a measurement of electrical activity int he brain that is correalted with the presentation of particlar stimulus events
a method of investigation that involves a particular way of presenting stimuli and a particular way of measuring responses
a method of study that does not involve manipulation and control of factors in a laboratory, but rather involves observing phenomena as they occur
the common experimental finding that words that occur mroe frequently in a language are processed mroe quickly and mroe accurately
an experimental paradigm in which a person sees or hears a stimulus and must judge as quickly as possible whether or not that stimulus is a word of his or her language
the procedure through which speech or text is analyzed by assigning categories to words and assigning structure to strings of words
in a priming experiment, this is the stimulus that is expected to affect a subjects response accuracy and response latency to the following stimulus
a situation in which the presentation of a stimulus makes it easier to process the following stimulus
in a priming experiment, this is the extent to which a priming stimulus facilitates the processing of the next stimulus
the study of the mental processes and representations involved in language comprehensiona nd production
eye movements in which the eyes dart backward to a section of text that has been previously read
the correctness of a subject's responses to particular stimuli in an experiment
the amoint of time taken by a subject in an experiment to respond to a stimulus
the quick and uneven movements of the eyes during reading
a type of speech error, in which words or sounds are rearranged with often humorous results
the stimulus to which a subject must respond and for which response accuracy and rsponse latency are measured
instances of temporary inability to access a word int he mental lexicon
a type of mental processing in which more complex representations are accessed through simpler cnostituent representations
a set of possible words in a psycholinguistic model of spoken-word recognition
a model of spoken-word recognition according to whcih word recognition proceeds by isolating a target word from a set of words taht share initial segments
garden path sentences
a sentence that is difficult to process and interpret because its structure biases sentence parsing toward an incorrect analysis
a parsing principle that claims that in sentence cmprehension humans prefer to attach new words to the clasue currently being processed
a proposed parsing principle that claims that in sentence comprehension, humans tend to attach incoming material into phrase structure using the fewest nodes possible
a unit of processing that is relatively autonomous from other processing units
the computational process in the brain that analyzes constituent mrophemes fo a word
the process by which the constituents of a multimorphemic word are activated int he brain through the representation ofthe whole lexical item
the commputational process by which the individual morphemes of a multimorphemic word are scanned and isolated int he brain
the possibility that a sentence can be interpreted in mreo than oen way
the theoretical construct that acccounds for the human ability to assign grammatical categories and hierarchical structure to elements in a stream of language input
a type of mental processing using a set of expectations to guide phonetic processing and word recognition
a psycholinguistic theory built aronud the claim that the mind can be best modeled by reference to complex associations of simple units that approximate neurons
a psycholinguistic theory built around the claim that a particular type of langauge processing can be accomplished in more than one manner
large association of simple units in the mind
parallel processing model
a psycholinguistic theory built around the claim that phonological, lexical, and syntactic processses are carried out simultaneously
a schematic representation based one xperimental results of how language is processed mentally
serial processing model
a psycholinguistic theory built around the claim that language processing proceeds in a step-by[step manner
a psycholinguistic theory built around the claim that a particular type of language processing is accomplished in oen manner only
a psycholinguistic theory built around the claim that models of lingusitic knwledge make reference to rules and representations consisting of symbols
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