This is the highest court in the land, and is established by Article III of the Constitution.
It currently has nine members.
It is presided over by a Chief Justice.
Its members are appointed for life.
They are not subject to elections or term limits.
Supreme Court continued
The Supreme Court is looking for cases concerning significant issues to the nation. When the SC accepts a case, chances are most of the justices already disagree with the lower courts’ ruling. About three-fourths of lower courts rulings are reversed by the SC
Cases the Supreme Court Can Hear (Original Jurisdiction)
This involves foreign ambassadors and issues in which a state is one of the parties involved.
Cases the Supreme Court Can Hear (Appellate Jurisdiction)
The SC hears cases that have already been decided by lower courts.
The SC is not retrying the case, but determining whether the lower court acted in accord with applicable law.
Stage 1 of Supreme Court Case( Accepting a Case)
–Most cases reach the Supreme Court by a writ of certiorari (a decision by at least four out of the nine Justices to allow a losing party to bring their case before it for a ruling; from the Latin word “to make more certain”), an order to deliver the records of a particular case to be reviewed for legal errors.
Stage 2 of Supreme Court Case (Oral Argument)
–The next stage of the case is the oral arguments, in which attorneys for both sides appear before the Supreme Court to present their positions and answer questions posed by justices.