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Ch 22/24 Restoration
Ch 22/24 Restoration
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how did the Hungarian revolutionaries envision a future Hungary
as a unified, centralized Hungarian nation
Which of the following best describes France's Constitutional Charter of 1814
It secured most of its gains made by the middle class and peasantry during the Revolution and permitted intellectual and artistic freedom
Karl Marx argued that socialism would be established
by violent revolution
The English political philosopher Thomas Hobbes held that
the power of the ruler was absolute and prevented civil war
Giuseppe Garibaldi is best described as
a romantic nationalist
Upon his election as president, why did Napoleon sign conservative legislation increasing the power of the Catholic Church and depriving poor men of the right to vote
He signed the legislation tin order to get the National Assembly to pay his personal debts and change the constitution so he could run for a second term.
Which powers participated in the partitioning of Poland in the late 18th century
Prussia, Russia, and Austria
In 1848 in France , the Second Republic instituted all the following reforms except
expanding the right to vote to all adult men
How did the process of Italian unification survive the French betrayal of Sardinia in its efforts to unify Italy
The nationalist leaders in central Italy overthrew their local princes and merged with Sardinia, despite the displeasure of the Great Powers.
The doctrine of laissez faire holds that there should be
as little government intervention as possible.
How did labor unions in Germany change in the early 1800s
Unions focused on bread-and-butter issues rather than dissemination of socialist doctrine
Cunt Henri de Saint-Simon believed that
the key to progress was proper social organization
How did the French provisional government respond to the worsening depression and unemployment in 1848
It established national workshops to provide public works jobs
What was the goal of the of the British Corn Laws
The Corn Laws forbade importation of foreign grain unless prices in Britain reached very high levels, selfishly benefiting the aristocratic landowners in Britain.
Bismarck's social reforms were motivated primarily by
his fear and distrust for socialism.
The allied powers of the Congress of Vienna were determined to
avoid the creation of hostility and resentment in France.
What was the goal of the Prussian Parliament in the 1850s and 1860s
To establish that the Parliament held final political authority and that the army was responsible to the Parliament.
The event that directly prompted the Great Reforms in Russia, including the emancipation of the serfs, was the
defeat in the Crimean War of 1853-1856
Why did Prussia and Austria attack Denmark in 1864
Denmark was attempting to bring the provinces that belong to the German Confederation into a more Danish centralized state.
As Hungary gained its independent status in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, how did it organize its domestic politics
The Magyar nobility dominated both the peasantry and minority populations through the Parliament.
Many Europeans and Americans embraced the Greek Revolution for all the following reasons except
merchants sought access to Greek markets for trade.
The romantic movement was characterized by all the following except
a commitment to romantic love as the highest virtue.
How did the Ottoman Empire's efforts at the reform int he later half of the 19th century undermine the empire's stability
The reforms created equality before the law for all citizens, which increased religious disputes and split Muslims into secularist and traditionalist camps.
According to Marx, the driving force n history was the
economic relationship between classes
The Dreyfus affair
revived republican distrust of Catholicism
Which of the following best characterizes the Carlsbad Decrees
They required member of the German Confederation to root out subversive ideas and to spy on liberal and radical organizations.
The first most important of the Great Reforms in Russia was the
abolition of serfdom.
How did romanticism affect music
Composers abandoned well-defined structures and used a wide range of forms to evoke powerful emotions.
How did the landlord leasing patterns in Ireland encourage population growth.
Land leases were for short periods of time which inhibited people from from improving their land and encouraged them to have many children as their only source of support during old age.
Which of the following best characterizes the political goal of the creation of free, compulsory elementary education in France.
To act as a nation-building tool in which all children would be taught secular , republican values.
How did the expanding right to vote affect national politics across Europe.
Politicians and parties became more responsive to the people they represented.
After the Franco-Prussian War, Prussia
imposed harsh peace on France
Unlike other political parties, the Marxian socialists
organized themselves into an international organization.
In their war of independence against the Ottoman Empire, the Greeks ultimately won the support of
Great Britain, France, and Russia.
Which of the following was not an action taken by the Congress of Vienna in their efforts to encircle France
Austria will claim the Netherlands
Why did a unified Italian state fail to develop in the 15th century.
Political loyalty and feeling centered on a passionate attachment to the individual city-state.
Why did Klemens von Metternich, as Austrian foreign minister, have to oppose the spread of nationalism in Europe.
Austria's rulers feared the power of a resurgent nationalist Ottoman Empire.
Bismarck's Kulturkampf refers to
His attack on the Catholic Church in the German Empire.
Ottoman reformers launched a series of radical reforms in the 19th century known as the
The long-established customs union among the German states was known as the
As an inspiration for nationalism, Johann Gottfried von Herder argued that
Each people had it own national genius and cultural unity.
In the 1890s, how did Sergei Witte seek to transform Russia
Witte believed that Russia's industrial backwardness was threatening its power and greatness and implemented industrial policies to catch up with the West.
In Great Britain, the Great Reform Bill of 1882 accomplished all the following except
It granted the vote of substantial farmers but not to the middle class urban population.
The Russian zemstvo was the
peasant commune that owned the land distributed by the Great Reforms.
Eugene Delacroix's work celebrated all the following except
the transformation of industrialization
How did Louis Napoleon believe that the people should be represented in the government
By a strong national leader whose reforms would aid all the people.
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