Women have a tendency to retain water during part of the menstrual cycle because estrogen mimics the action of
A) ADH B) aldosterone C) atrial natriuretic hormone D) oxytocin E) prolactin
Most body water comes from _____, whereas most body water is lost via ___.
A) metabolic water; cutaneous transpiration B) metabolic water; sweat C) drinking; cutaneous transpiration and expired air D) drinking; urine E) drinking; radiation
D) drinking; urine
The bicarbonate buffer system would not work very well in the human body if not for the action of the respiratory system, which
A) supplies the buffer system with CO2. B) supplies the buffer system with O2. C) expels HCO3- produced by the buffer system. D) expels H+ produced by the buffer system. E) expels CO2 produced by the buffer system.
E) expels CO2 produced by the buffer system.
Acidosis is a pH lower than 7, whereas alkalosis is a pH higher than 7.
A) True B) False
In acidosis, the kidneys compensate by
A) secreting more bicarbonate B) secreting more ammonia C) secreting more sodium D) reabsorbing more hydrogen ions E) reabsorbing more ammonia
B) secreting more ammonia
Most of the body water is in
A) the intracellular fluid (ICF) B) the extracellular fluid (ECF) C) tissue (interstitial) fluid D) blood plasma and lymph E) the transcellular fluid