Cephalocaudal trend: organized pattern of physical growth and motor control the proceeds from head to tail. Cephalo=head. Caudal=tail Proximodistal trend: organized pattern of physical growth and motor control that proceeds from center of body outward. Proximo=near. Distal=far.
What are neurons?
Individual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrate, and transmit info.
What are glial cells (glias)?
Cells that provide structural support nourishment, and insulation for neurons.
What is a synapse?
The junction between the sending neuron and the receiving neuron/muscle.
What is synaptic pruning?
The loss of connective fibers by seldom-stimulated neurons, thereby returning them to an unconnected state so they can support the development of future skills.
What is myelination?
The process in which neural fibers are coated with an insulating fatty sheath called myelin that improves the efficiency of message transfer.