What are the three types of motivators that armies have traditionally used to keep soldiers in the army and to lead them to take risks?
· Coercive motivators: based on physical punishment (being more afraid of his officers than of the dangers to which he is exposed)
· Remunerative motivators: promise of material rewards
· Normative motivators: based on the offer or withdrawal of such psychological rewards as honors & group acceptance
What are some of the ways children are psychologically prepared to be soldiers?
· Trainers use fear, brutality, and psychological manipulation to obtain high levels of obedience.
Why brand a child soldier?
· Makes the escapees easier to identify & inculcates break in identityo “Evil is with me all the time because I’ve been branded”
Why have child soldiers been forced to kill and cannabalize their victims?
· This exposes them to negativity & makes it easier for them to kill again. They aren’t shown a “value” for life
What are some of the harsh disciplines used in training child soldiers?
· Children go through brutal training camps. They are threatened with death They have to run around a camp with stones on their shoulders and if the stones fall they are killed. They are beaten and the officers rub salt on their wounds.
What are the psychological and physical bases for fearlessness in child soldiers?
· They haven’t fully developed yet.o “underdeveloped death concept”
What drugs are given to child soldiers and why are they given them?
· Cocaine, barbiturates, amphetamines, marijuana, cocaine, & heroine
· They are given to them to loosen them up & to make them fearless
· Place child recruits in small platoon size groups under the command of a few adults
· Group them by age
· Use grenades, then children flee into battles & charge
How is the apparent innocence of children used against enemy troops?
· They are sent forth naked to confuse the other soldiers & make them feel sympathy for them
· They are also used as “spies” or “distractions” & lure troops in to take care of them then attack them
As they gain combat experience how well do child soldiers perform in combat?
· Similar & sometimes better then adult soldiers
Why don't child soldiers try to escape?
· Many have no homes or places to return to or scared that their villages won’t accept them
· Scared to get caught & get killed/beaten
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