Social Organization Important impact on culture Kinship ? relationship based on blood, marriage or adoption Culture and Society Tribe ? form of social identity created by groups who share a set of ideas about collective loyalty and political action Grounded in one or more expressions of social, political, and cultural identities Usually viewed as detrimental to the nation-state Culture and Society Globalization has large impact on regional, national cultures Cultural Nationalism ? effort to protect local from homogenizing effects, esp. U.S. Culture Culture and Identity Geography begins at the body Identity important in how one views, moves, and acts in a society Result of groups asserting themselves politically, culturally Race, Class, Gender, Sexuality Identity Identity ? ?how we make sense of ourselves? ? Rose How do we establish identities? - we construct our identities through experiences, emotions connections, and rejections. An identity is a snapshot of who we are at a point in time Identities are fluid, constantly changing, shifting, becoming. Identities vary across scales, and affect each other across scales. Identities are also constructed by identifying against (defining the other and then defining ourselves as ?not that.?) Essentialism Belief that individuals have inherent commonalities based on categories Women more emotional or maternal Men smarter, more athletic, not sensitive Race ? a categorization of humans based on skin color and other physical characteristics. Racial categories are social and political constructions because they are based on ideas that some biological differences are more important than others. Racial Categories are typically imposed on people through: Residential segregation Racialized divisions of labor Racial categories defined by governments Residential Segregation The ?degree to which two or more groups live separately from one another, in different parts of the urban environment.? Massey and Denton
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