A therapeutic process of helping individuals identify self-defeating and negative thoughts, beliefs, or images and presenting them with more empowering and positive alternatives.
most important and most universally applied
Internal dialogue with oneself that may be negative or positive.
Thoughts that block a persons initiatives to accomplish goals and wishes.
Negative thoughts that prevent individuals from achieving peace of mind and cause unnecessary psychological arousal.
A philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's actions.
A psychological approach that places an emphasis on taking constructive action rather than simply developing insight as in psychoanalysis.
Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)
A system of therapy that teaches people how to identify what they are doing to upset themselves and, in turn, to change the nature of their thinking in such a way as to produce a more desirable outcome.
ABC theory of emotions
A psychotherapy theory holding that Activating events appear to cause Consequences but are actually caused by irrational Beliefs interposed between the event
5 major irrational themes (Ellis)
Low frustration tolerance
1. Absolute Demands
An irrational belief that the world is supposed to grant the individual's any wish.
Viewing something inconvenient, unpleasant, or undesirable as terrible or horrible.
3. Low frustration tolerance
A mental attribute that results in agony and agitation over temporary setbacks or inconveniences.
Behaviors of psychotherapy clients who make absolute and inflexible demands that people or things must be a particular way without considering alternatives.
A way of behaving in which individuals exaggerate their belief that events in the world apply only to them; their sense of being special.
Irrational reasoning in which individuals force things into "either-or" categories.
5. Absolute judgments
Overgeneralizations about oneself or others based on limited information or insufficient evidence.
An approach in psychotherapy that often uses a brief and creative treatment based on such techniques as reframing and paradoxes.
The technique of redefining problems so as to make them more amenable to resolutions.
miracle question exercise
A powerful strategic intervention therapy that, through a series of questions, helps people become unstuck in situations where they feel too stressed to work things out on their own.
An Eastern psychotherapeutic approach based on the premise that depression and anxiety stem from too much contemplation; a technique that is designed to assist the client in reducing obsession with self.
A simple Western technique employed for people stuck in obsessive thinking patterns by using a rubber band worn on a wrist.
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