A therapeutic process of helping individuals identify self-defeating and negative thoughts, beliefs, or images and presenting them with more empowering and positive alternatives.
most important and most universally applied
Internal dialogue with oneself that may be negative or positive.
Thoughts that block a persons initiatives to accomplish goals and wishes.
Negative thoughts that prevent individuals from achieving peace of mind and cause unnecessary psychological arousal.
A philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's actions.
A psychological approach that places an emphasis on taking constructive action rather than simply developing insight as in psychoanalysis.