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Biology with MasteringBiology? (8th Edition)
region where cell's DNA is located
complexes that synthesize proteins
membrane enclosing the cytoplasm
network of membranous sacs and tubes; active in membrane synthesis and other synthetic and metabolic reactions
double membrane enclosing the nucleus; perforated by pores; continuous with ER
structure involved in production of ribosomes; a nucleus has one or more
material consisting of DNA and proteins
reinforces cell's shape, functions in cell movement; components are made of protein. includes: microfilaments, intermediate filaments, microtubules
organelle where cellular respiration occurs and most ATP is generated
digestive organelle where macromolecules are hydrolyzed
organelle active in synthesis, modification, sorting, and secretion of cell products
complexes (small brown dots) that make proteins; free in cytosol or bound to rough ER or nuclear envelope
prominent organelle in older plant cells; functions include storage, breakdown of waste products, hydrolysis of macromolecules;
a major mechanism of plant growth
enlargement of vacuole
photosynthetic organelle; converts energy of sunlight to chemical energy stored in sugar molecules
channels through cell walls that connect the cytoplasms of adjacent cells
in plant cells but not animal cells:`
chloroplasts, central vacuole, cell wall, plasmodesmata
in animal cells but not plant cells:
lysosomes; centrosomes, with centrioles; flagella (but present in some)
an intricate protein structure that lines the pores; regulates the entry and exit of most proteins
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