1. Andrew Jackson was the first president to increase the role of president.
He used his image (of the rough, Western frontier-man) and his personal power to buttress the developing party system.; through the spoils system, which HE developed, he granted loyal Democrats public office positions. He was always at odds with the Congress---always vetoing. Also, during the Tariff of Abominations, when South Carolina wanted to nullify the tariff and fight, Andrew Jackson asserted the supremacy of the national government and presidency by facing down the insurgent state.
2. Abraham Lincoln
During the Civil War, under INHERENT POWERS (which are the powers belonging to the President inferred by the Constitution specified in Article II) Lincoln said during wartime, he was allowed to have expanded powers because it helped him as the chief executive, "faithfully execute" laws. He...
a) suspended the writ of habeus corpus, jailing people for disloyal practice w/o reason
b) expanded US army above mandated ceilings
c) ordered a blockade of Southern Courts w/o approval from Congress
d) closed the US mail to treasonable correspondence
3)Franklin Delano Roosevelt
He expanded the powers of the presidency and grew the federal government with millions of social programs through his New Deal during the Great Depression in the 1930's. He was also the first president to serve four terms in office, and was reason for the the enacting of the 22nd amendment, which limited terms to 2 years. (as opposed to the 25th amendment, which made a constitutional succession act.)
Length of Terms of President
4 years, 2 terms. According to the 22nd Amendment, enacted after FDR's four term run, presidents are only allowed 2 terms.
BEST: 1) Lincoln, Washington, F. Roosevelt, T. Roosevelt, and Truman
WORST: 1) Buchanan, A Johnson, Pierce, William Henry Harrison, Harding
President removal process and vote-impeachment
IMPEACHMENT is the formal process to remove a specified official from the office. The president (chief executive) can only be removed for Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors
PROCESS OF IMPEACHMENT:
1) The House IMPEACHES the president through SIMPLE MAJORITY VOTE.
2) The Senate acts as a jury and TRIES the President for the charged offenses with the US SUPREME COURT presiding over the impeachment trial. A TWO/THIRDS VOTE is necessary for ANY COUNT to remove the president from office.
1) Be a natural-born citizen of the US 2) Be at least 35 years old 3) Be a resident of the US for at least 14 yrs
Common Royal Government and President Power
Royal Governors were appointed by the King of England during the 1700's in order to rule over as the executive power in the colonies. They were entrusted with "powers of appointment, military command, expenditure, and within limits, pardons."
They had a lot of tension with the ELECTED colonial legislatures because they represented the APPOINTED representatives of the crown.
After 1776, the role of governor was reduced to a symbolic position. Later, when the Articles of Confederation were made, there was NO executive power except for the Legislative Branch, where 18 "Presidents" presided over the nation with no power.
Finally, after the Constitution was created, the Framers settled on a chief executive PRESIDENT.