In any group of three members, two of the three may have a tendency to alienate the third member and dominate the decision making for the group the trio represents.When this occurs, what term BEST applies to the two unified members?
Tom works as an agent for a large insurance company. At his work station, he has taped pictures of his wife and granddaughter and of last year’s Caribbean vacation. Sociologists would see these pictures as an attempt by Tom to ________.
All of the following historical situations involved elements of groupthink, as mentioned in the text, EXCEPT for which one?
the Normandy Invasion (D-day)
When the former Soviet Union collapsed, NATO forces were no longer needed to protect Europe from a communist invasion. Rather than disband NATO, it was turned into a "rapid response force" to fight terrorism. Sociologists would call this shift in focus an example of ________.
In Professor Jones' social problems course the students interact freely with one another, think of themselves as "Dr. J's class," and feel they are significant because of their mutual interest in social reform. In view of this which concept best describes Dr. Jones' class?
Most major companies sponsor "diversity training" lectures and workshops for their employees. What is the ultimate purpose of these efforts?
to stimulate an understanding of cultural differences
In which group would there be the greatest number of relationships?
the starting nine on a baseball team
In group decision making, a form of tunnel vision that develops in which there is only one "right" viewpoint and suggested alternatives are perceived as signs of disloyalty is called ________.
Which phrase became synonymous with the research Stanley Milgram conducted on "the small world phenomenon"?
Six degrees of seperation
How groups influence individuals and how individuals influence groups is referred to as ________.
Milgram's experiment involving the small world phenomenon utilized two groups. He referred to these two groups as the ____ and ____.
Sam, an aspiring and talented young attorney, has been promoted every year since he joined the law firm of Howard, Howard, and Fine. Unfortunately, Sam feels he cannot handle the responsibilities of his latest promotion. In an effort to keep his newly acquired job title, Sam has begun to take credit for the work done by the employees he supervises. Sam's behavior is an example of ________.
The Peter Principle
Of the following groups, the one that plays the most significant role in the development of self is the _______.
When criticizing Milgram's experiment on small group phenomenon, Kleinfeld made the analogy that "we live in a world that looks a lot like ________."
a bowl of lumpy oatmeal
A(n) ________ leadership style has the tendency to encourage either aggressive or apathetic behavior among group members with aggressive members growing increasingly hostile toward their leader.
For many college professors, their own teachers served as role models. Kody Scott looked up to older gang members as his idols. In both cases, former teachers and older gang members qualify as being ________.
The university's administration has increased class size without receiving input from the faculty or considering that some courses need to have low enrollments. In view of this, what is the most probable reaction the professors will take to this latest administrative decision?
More faculty members will feel they have lost ownership of their classes and are just "employees."
In which group would diffusion of responsibility be the greatest concern?
the graduating class of a large university
Kody is a member of the L.A. Crips. The other gangs in his territory are the Bloods and Satan's Slaves. Kody feels very antagonistic towards the Bloods and the Slaves. For Kody, these two rival gangs would be considered what?
What did Stanley Milgram's "teacher-learner" experiment demonstrate?
A SUBSTANTIAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE WILL INFLICT PAIN ON OTHERS WHEN ORDERED TO DO SO BY A PERSON IN A POSITION OF AUTHORITY.
Different situations require that different styles of leadership be used to meet the primary goals of the group. Imagine a tour group that is lost in the desert. Which type of leadership would be best for the tour guide to adopt?
How does the structure and function of groups change as they grow in size?
Group tends to develop a more Formal Social Structure
With respect to group dynamics, what is the defining characteristics of a small group?
All members of the group can interact directly with one another.
Nick was a promising caseworker for an social services agency. After earning several lower-level promotions, he was appointed to a supervisory position. Supervisory work did not mix well with Nick's abilities and he fell into a professional rut. This is an example of the ________.
Which sociologist coined the phrase "The McDonaldization of society"?
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