The process by which organisms cope with environmental stresses
The study of the human species and its immediate ancestors.
The application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory, and methods to identify, assess, and solve contemporary social problems
The branch of anthropology that reconstructs/describes/interprets human behavior/cultural patterns through material remains; best known for study of prehistory.
The inclusion and combination of both biological and cultural perspectives and approaches to comment on or solve a particular issue or problem.
Biological (or Physical) Anthropology
The branch of anthropology that studies human biological diversity in time and space. For instance, hominid evolution, human genetics, human biological adaptation, primatology.
The study of human society and culture; describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and differences
Cultural Resource Management (CRM)
The branch of applied archaeology aimed at preserving sites threatened by dams, highways, and other projects. Also, deals with when to dismantle unimportant sites.
Traditions and customs that govern behavior and beliefs; distinctly human; transmitted through learning.
Field work in a particular culture.
The theoretical, comparative study of society and culture; compares cultures in time and space.
Plant cultivation and animal domestication.
The field of anthropology as a whole, consisting of cultural, archaeological, biological and linguistic anthropology.
Interested in the whole of the human condition past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture.
The branch of anthropology that studies linguistic variation in time and space, including interrelations between language and culture; includes historical linguistics and sociolinguistics
Originally formulated by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace; the process by which nature selects the forms most fit to survive and reproduce in a given environment.
An organism's evident traits, its "manifest biology"--anatomy and physiology.
Includes our closest relatives--apes and monkeys. Primatologists study their biology, evolution, behavior and social life, often in their natural environments.
The attempt to assign humans to discrete categories (purportedly) based on common ancestry.
A systematic field of study or body of knowledge that aims, through experiment, observation, and deduction, to produce reliable explanations of phenomena, with reference to the material and physical world.
Study of relationships between social and linguistic variation; study of language in its social context.
Geographic belt extending about 23 degrees north and south of the equator, between the Tropic of Cancer (north) and the Tropic of Capricorn (south).
The study of the behavior and evolution of monkeys and apes.
Subdivision of linguistics that studies languages over time.
The study of interrelations among living things in an environment.
a patterned arrangement of energy flows and exchanges. Human ecology studies ecosystems that include people, focusing on the ways in which humans use "of nature influences and is influenced by social organization and cultural values."
The study of ecosystems in the past.
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