The exchange of cultural features that results when groups come into continuous firsthand contact; the original cultural patterns of either or both groups may be altered, but the groups remain distinct.
Key, basic, or central values that integrate a culture and help distinguish it from others.
The position that the values and standards of cultures differ and deserve respect. Anthropology is characterized by methodological rather than moral relativism: In order to understand another culture fully, anthropologists try to understand its members' beliefs and motivations. Methodologcial relativism does not preclude making moral judgments or taking action.
Doctrine that certain rights are vested not in individuals but in identifiable groups, such as religious and ethnic minorities and indifenous societies.
Borrowing between cultures either directly or through intermediaries.
The social process by which culture is learned and transmitted across the generations.
The tendency to view one's own culture as best and to judge the behavior and beliefs of culturally different people by one's own standards.
Culture pattern or trait that exists in some but not all societies.
The accelerating interdependence of nations in a world system linked economically and through mass media and modern transportation systems.
Members of the zoological family Hominidae; includes fossil and living humans, as well as chimps and gorrilas.
Used for the group that leads to humans but not to chimps and gorrillas and that encompasses all the human species that have ever existed.
Doctrine that invokes a realm of justice and morality beyond and superior to particular countries, cultures, and religions. Human rights, usually seen as vested in individuals, would include the right to speak freely, to hold religious beliefs without persecution, and not to be enslaved.
Development of the same culture trait or pattern in separate cultures as a result of comparable needs and circumstances.
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
Each society's cultural base--it's core beliefs and principles. IPR is claimed as a group right--a cultural right, allowing indigenous groups to control who may know and use their collective knowledge and its applications.
Cultural traditions that extend beyond national boundaries.
Cultural experiences, beliefs, learned behavior patterns, and values shared by citizens of the same nation.
Distinctive or unique culture trait, pattern, or integration.
Different cultural symbol-based traditions associated with subgroups in the same complex society.
Something, verbal or non-verbal, that arbitrarily and by convention stands for something else, with which it has no necessary or natural connection.
Something that exists in every culture.
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