Nations; large and populous, with social stratification and central governments.
Someone the ethnographer gets to know in the field, who teaches him/her about their society and culture. (aka, Informant)
The research strategy that focuses on native explanations and criteria of significance.
The research strategy that emphasizes the observer's rather than the natives' explanations, categories, and criteria of significance. "Of course, the ethnographer, like any other scientist, is also a human being with cultural blinders that prevent complete objectivity. As in other sciences, proper training can reduce but not totally eliminate, the observer's bias."
Procedures by which ethnographers discover and record connections of kinship, descent, and marriage using diagrams and symbols.
An agreement sought by ethnographers from community members to take part in research.
Ethnographic tool for structuring a formal interview. A prepared form (usually printed/mimeographed) that guides interviews with households or individuals being compared systematically. Contrasts with a questionnaire because the researcher has personal contact and records people's answers.
Key Cultural Consultants
An expert on a particular aspect of local life who helps the ethnographer understand that aspect.
Of a cultural consultant; provides a personal cultural portrait of existence or change in a culture.
Long-term study of a community, society, culture, or other unit, usually based on repeated visits.
A characteristic ethnographic technique; taking part in the events one is observing, describing, and analyzing.
A sample in which all members of the population have an equal statistical chance of being included.
A smaller study group chosen to represent a larger population.
Characteristic research procedure among social scientists other than anthropologists. Studies society through sampling, statistical analysis, and impersonal data collection.
Attributes (e.g., sex, age, height, weight) that differ from one person or case to the next.
Ethnographic Techniques (9)
-direct observation -conversation -genealogical method -details of community life -interviews of life history -local beliefs -problem oriented research -longitudinal research -term research
"Illness" vs "Disease"
"Illness" revers to a culture's (emic) perception and explanation of bad health, whereas "Disease" refers to the scientific (etic) explanation of poor health, involving known pathogens.
belief that the ethnographer's job is to study and record cultural diversity threatened by Westernization
A "classic" ethnography that aims to present accurate, objective, scientific account of a different way of life written by someone who knew it firsthand. The knowledge came from an "ethnographic adventure" involving immersion in an alien language and culture.
Clifford Geertz (1973) views culturs as meaningful texts that natives constantly "read" and ethnographers must deciper.
ethnographer puts personal feelings and reactions in text
Linked to salvage ethnography; the period before Westernization, when the "true" native culture flourished. Anthropologists now recognize that the ethnographic present is a rather unrealistic construct. Cultures have been in contact--and have been changing--throughout history.
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