Chapter 1 & 2
- University of Michigan - Ann Arbor
- Psychology 111
- Chapter 1 & 2
Last Modified: 2011-07-01
humanistic-Individuals ability to make rational choices and developing to max potential
cognitive-Human though and process of knowing and thinking, behavior occurs because people thing
biological-Function of genes, brain, nervous sytem, and endocrine system
evolutionary-Behavioral and mental adaptiveness
sociocultural-Cross-cultural differences in causes and consequences of behavior.
Falsifiablility-Claims must be capable of being disproved.
Occam's Razor-Generally should pick the simpler explanation
Replicability-Finding must be capable of being duplicated by other researchers using the same techniques
Ruling out Rival Hypotheses
Correlation v. Causation-Two things that are associated with each other doesn't mean that one causes the other.
Lack of self-correction-Incorrect claims never seem to go away
Exaggerated claims-Tend to promise remarkable or dramatic cure but rarely deliver.
Overreliance on anecdotes-"I know a person who..."
Evasion of peer review-Bypass the process of getting others to screen the work of their colleagues.
Absense of connectivity- Not cumulative research
Psychobabble-Language that sounds highly scientific that impresses
Negative-When the value of one goes up, the other goes down
Zero-No correlation, variables don't go together.
Informed consent-Informing research participants of what is involved in a study before asking them to participate.
Tuskegee-Men never informed that they had syphilis, nor that there was an effective treatment, and didn't tell them that they were subjects. Heightened the appreciation for protecting the rights of human subjects.
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