The primary purpose of all types of assessments is to
help make decisions
Group assessment would be most appropriate for answering which of the following questions?
How much has the class learned about math this year?
When an assessment permits one to make the inference for which it is being used, we say that they assessment is:
All of the following are examples of instructional assessments EXCEPT
Mrs. Warren will develop a true-false quiz for her social studies class.
Complex supply items, such as book reports, journal entries, portfolios, science experiments, and class projects, are also commonly called
The two main characteristics of appropriate assessment information are:
Validity and reliability.
An assessment that is generally used by teachers at the start of the school year to get to know their students is called a(n)
A formal, systematic, usually paper-and-pencil procedure used to gather information about students' performance is called a(n)
Teacher-made assessments that are developed for a single classroom with a single group of students are called
All of the following are examples of teachers' ethical standards EXCEPT
have lower expectations for students from impoverished families.
The primary goal of educational standards is to
set common criteria for performance to which all schools and students are held.
Which of the following is the LEAST reliable source of information about a student's current progress and learning?
Information from prior teachers
Formal oral examinations are appropriate when a teacher wants to
assess a student's progress in learning a foreign language.
What type of assessment is used to obtain information to help develop the classroom into a productive social and educational environment?
The main effect of prejudgments and logical error in early assessments is on the _______ of the decisions teachers make.
When teachers size up their students at the start of the year, the main danger that threatens the reliability of their judgments is(are) the
small samples of student behavior typically observed.
Which of the following is NOT a way to improve the quality of early assessments?
Rely heavily upon formal, objective assessment information
Which of the following is of major importance in early assessment?
Giving students a fair chance to show what they are like
Which of the following is a characteristic of early assessment?
First impressions tend to remain stable
Mrs. Jackson notes that Shandra does not raise her hand during the science discussion. Mrs. Jackson interprets this behavior as Shandra being shy. She does not know that Shandra raised her hand twice during math class. This example reveals one weakness of
Teachers' initial impressions often influence the way they interact with their students so that they students begin to behave in the way the teachers expected them to behave. This phenomenon is called the:
A teacher mislabels a student based on observations that do not justify the label. This is an example of
All of the following are examples of how to improve early assessments EXCEPT
rely on paper-and-pencil tests to gather student information.
After a student is identified as possibly having a special need, a team of which of the following individuals formally assesses the child?
One or more special education teachers, The student's classroom teacher, Counselors and child advocates, Parents
Which of the following mandated that free public education be provided for all school-age children, including those with disabilities?
Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975
Which of the following is NOT an example of how to supplement informal observations with more formal, structured activities?
Discuss a "problem" student with a colleague after school
The skills, performances, and behaviors students are expected to learn in a subject area are called their
Which of the following is NOT a lower-level thinking process?
Explaining a story in one's own words
Which of the following is the most clearly stated objective?
The student will write the solutions to problems requiring addition of 3 single-digit numbers.
Objectives that require memorization are called ______ objectives.
In order for an objective to be classified as higher level, the student must be asked to do a task that is
Many teachers' lesson plans consist of activities such as "introduce improper fractions" or "do worksheet 8 independently." The problem with such lesson plans is that they
do not describe what students are to learn.
Which of the following is NOT an important screen that should be used to judge the adequacy of textbook objectives and lesson plans?
Are the objectives and plans easy to assess?
Whose responsibility is it to develop lesson plans and objectives that are appropriate for a class?
All of the following are levels of Bloom's Taxonomy EXCEPT
Cognitive assessments involve intellectual activities such as
Which of the following is NOT an example of formative assessment?
Administering a paper-and-pencil test at the end of a unit
When evaluating textbook assessment instruments, which of the following must be considered?
Whether the items on the test align with the instructional objectives of the actual instruction experienced by students
The primary intent of state standards is to
guide statewide learning and assessments.
Which of these is NOT a characteristic of assessment during instruction?
Relies heavily on formal assessment information
Marie Tobin sits down in the faculty room, opens her lunch and says, "Something's wrong. I know they're up to something. They're being too good today." Marie has noticed
A teacher monitors student attention, facial expressions, posture, and eagerness to participate in classroom discussions. This illustrates the use of
All of the following are features of interactive instructional assessment EXCEPT
careful selection of educational objectives.
,While presenting a lesson, the teacher notices the following behaviors: Students' eyes remain focused on the front of the room, Their facial expressions appear alert. The teacher can correctly make all of the following inferences about the students EXCEPT that they:
are learning the material
Control of the process of planning instruction rests mainly with the ____, while control when delivering instruction is shared with the _____.
What are a teacher's two main tasks when teaching?
Providing instruction and assessing instruction
One reason that assessment during instruction is more difficult than assessment for planning instruction is that students' reactions to lesson plans are often
During instruction, teachers focus most of their assessment activities and decision making on
how well activities are flowing and holding students' interest
Which type of evidence is a teacher LEAST likely to rely upon in carrying out assessment during instruction?
When questioning students, teachers should use all of the following strategies EXCEPT
ask questions that are global and general
One reason why teachers emphasize lower-level rather than higher-level questions is that
lower-level questions are easiest for students to answer
Practical knowledge about a classroom
is dynamic and based on the unique student characteristics that comprise a particular class
Assessments that are used to monitor and improve a process while it is still going on are called __________ assessments.
School districts maintain central record files on their students. These files include test scores, grades, and promotion and placement history. These files contain information related to which type of assessment?
A test is best defined as a
procedure for sampling the behavior of students
A teacher is planning a final exam. She/he should decide what types of items to include based on
the tasks suggested by her objectives.
Which of the following objectives would be most appropriately assessed with an essay?
Given a set of lab notes, interpret the results of an experiment.
Which of the following types of tests is intended to assess achievement on a particular unit of instruction?
A teacher-made test
Which of the following classroom activities would result in a product to assess?
Writing a poem
Good instruction focuses on the _____, while effective instruction focuses on the _____ .
teacher's instruction; students' learning
The behaviors students are expected to perform on assessments of achievement should be related to
the objectives and instruction provided.
What characteristic makes an assessment one that is focused upon assessing achievement?
The assessment gathers information about what was taught.
Teachers should conduct reviews before testing for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
to teach students the answers to specific questions that will likely appear on the test
Which of the following is the most important preparation for formal achievement testing?
Providing students with good instruction
Which of the following testing scenarios would result in invalid test results?
A teacher conducts a review session that covers many of the same questions that will appear on the actual test, Although Jake hasn't mastered the content knowledge, he uses good testwise strategies and performs well on the test, A teacher schedules a final exam on the day of the school's football homecoming game, A teacher includes test questions that were covered in textbook content but weren't addressed during actual classroom instruction.
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