Chapter 1 Notes
- Washington State University - Pullman campus
- Psychology 333
- Chapter 1 Notes
Last Modified: 2012-05-03
Broad epidemiology of DSM IV-defined psychopathology in the US
point prevalence of any psychiatric disorder: 22-23%
point prevalence of substance abuse/dependence: 6%
point prevalence of functional impairment: 17%
lifetime prevalence for any disorder: 48%
Establishing Clinical (Diagnostic) Validity in Psychiatric Research
Robins and Guze (1970):
clinical description of a cluster of covarying symptoms and etiological precursors
laboratory studies identifying reliable physiological, biological and psychological markers
delimitation from other disorders, or readily definable exclusionary criteria
follow-up studies outlining a predictable course
family studies identifying increased risk of the same disorder in the relatives of afflicted probands
extended the Robins and Guze model to 14 psychiatric disorders (Feigner Criteria),
organic brain syndrome
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