this pattern of politics is characterized by free elections, a two party or multiparty system, public debate, and constitutional action according to the rule of law.
stresses voluntary agreement and emphasizes free choice. Love, conscience and reason are the instruments employed in games of _________. Ex: society of friends (quakers)
deadly games of conflict and war- violence including terrorism and torture is prominent, economic, psychological, and military instruments of force are used to exercise power.- ex: stalin
the systematic mass destruction of a national, ethic, racial, or religious group
- the forceful displacement of a group from a given territory based on its religion ethnicity, race, or nationality, and may involve mass murder as well.
-unfolds at Melos where there is a war between Athens and Sparta over the control of Greece ? Melians at first remain neutral ? but when Athenians come into their territory the Melians start to fight the Athenians- who give them no choice but to surrender or be wiped out the Melians shift the game?s emphasis from power to Justice-
History of the Peloponnesian War
privilege of being allowed in danger to invoke what is fair and right
- used civil disobedience successfully in the civl rights movement of the 1960s- civil disobedience was an effective weapon for advancing the rights of African Americans.
Martin Luther King-
lion and fox-
the Prince ? must learn how to play this game with force and craft- Machiavelli says a prince being this obliged to know how to act as a beast must imitate the fox and the lion, for the lion cannot protect himself from traps and the fox cannot defend himself from wolves. One must therefore be a fox to recognize traps and a lion to frighten wolves
women in Greece went on strike against having sex with husbands
?the ends justify the means? ? believed in morals but not for leaders ex: Hitler
political leaders, citizens, the state ? contestants who win or lose, who compete or cooperate in pursuit of certain goals who exercise power or will, who enjoy or suffer
a process within or among political communities whereby 1. public values are articulated debated and prescribed 2. diverse political actors(individuals, interest groups, local or regional governments, and actions) cooperate and struggle for power to satisfy their natal needs, protect their fundamental interests, and advance their perceived desires 3. policy judgments are made are implemented
use of ______is to get political actors to do what they would not normally do ?ranges from overwhelming violence at the extreme pole of destruction to overwhelming charismatic or spiritual power-
the agreed on procedures that must be followed if the game is to retain its identity, they regulate the conduct of the game
are the goals that can be gained in victory or lost in defeat
what advantages does your side have? terrorism is a ________ (promotes fear because you can?t fight a war)- plans of action, schemes or attack or defense, judgments that bring about victory or defeat
stop doing something until the other side does what you want
4 characteristics of strikes
1. Unity 2. Resolve 3. Action has to be dispensable 4. Strike again
use of violence by nongovernmental groups against innocent civilians in order to achieve a political goal.
defender of the moral responsibility of individuals to challenge unjust laws- had influence of Gandhi and martin Luther King Jr. civil disobedience- have to be working against moral evil ex: slalvery, not paying taxes
Henry David Thoreau
realism - war between Athens and Sparta ex: stalin, hitler, terrorism one player insisting on total domination encounters resistance and employs brute physical force to destroy an opponent.- ultimate use of force in the struggle for power
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