land bridge connecting Asia and North America that is now submerged by the Bering Sea.
The grand shift from hunting and gathering to cultivating basic food crops, such as corn and beans, that occurred worldwide from seven thousand to nine thousand years ago.
The Aztecs main ceremonial city was Tenochtitlan, ____________ a city of as many as 250,000 people.
The Aztecs sacrificed people to ________________, the Aztec Sun God.
Eastern Woodland Cultures
Term given to Indians from the Northeast region who lived on the Atlantic Coast and supplemented farming with seasonal hunting and gathering.
Peoples who lived along the Atlantic coast from North Carolina to Maine.
Women owned the planting fields and houses, maintained tribal customs, and had a role in tribal government.
Men owned the hunting grounds that the family needs to survive.
The exchange of plants, animals, culture, and diseases between Europe and the Americas from first contact through the era of exploration.
journeyed to Africa in search of gold and slaves.
Sixteenth-century Spanish adventures, often of noble birth, who subdued the Native Americans and created the Spanish empire in the New World.
Holy war in which thousands of Jews and Moors (Muslims) were driven from Spain.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Treaty negotiated by the Pope in 1494 to resolve competing land claims of Spain and Portugal in the New World. It divided the world along a north-south line in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean,Spain got the lands West of the line and Portugal got East
an exploitative labor system designed by Spanish rulers to reward conquistadors in the New World by granting them local villages and control over native labor.
Virgin of Guadalupe
Catholic religious figure who served as a powerful symbol of Mexican nationalism in wars for independence against Spain.
coureurs de bois
Literally translated "forest runners," these French traders followed Canada's rivers to the heart of the continent in search of new sources of fur.
Sixteenth-century religious movement to reform and challenge the spiritual authority of the Roman Catholic Church, associated with figures such as Martin Luther and John Calvin.
The Spanish Armada
Fleet of hundreds of Spanish vessels sent by Philip II of Spain to invade England in 1588.
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