The criminal justice system is vast, employing more than 2.4 million people and costing federal, state, and local governments about ________ per year, up more than 300% since 1982.
Which branch of government defines the law by determining what conduct is prohibited and establishes criminal penalties for those who violate the law?
What percentage of sexual violence in prison involved staff-on-inmate sexual misconduct?
At what stage of the formal criminal justice process does the defendant enter a plea of guilty or not guilty?
Initial contact, investigation, arrest, custody
The role of police officers involves primarily the first four stages of the criminal justice procedures. In order, what are these steps?
Which branch of government interprets existing laws and determines whether they meet constitutional requirements?
American Bar Foundation
The term criminal justice system was first used by the ______ to reflect that justice agencies could be connected in an intricate yet often unobserved network of decision-making processes.
Advocates of which justice perspective would advocate for decriminalization of marijuana?
Which branch of government is responsible for the day-to-day operation of justice agencies?
Their dual role as representative of the people and officer of the court.
What is considered the primary ethical concern for prosecutors?
Offenders at Level ___ of the "wedding cake" model of criminal justice have typically committed a serious offense and will receive a prison term, however will not garner much media attention.
Truth-in-sentencing laws are an aspect of which justice system approach?
If you were concerned about the potentially stigmatizing effect of community notification laws on sexual offenders, you would be part of the ________ perspective.
The track record of school-based drug education programs has been proven to be spotty at best.
Using evidence justice, what does the research say about school-based drug education programs?
London Metropolitan Police
What was the first police agency?
Crime and violence have been common since the nation was first formed and are not recent social problems.
If one of your fellow students suggested that crime is a recent social problem, you would say?
If you believe in the concept of "just deserts," which justice perspective do you favor?
Because some individuals acts are so dangerous that they must be outlawed outright or regulated, the contemporary criminal justice society uses the instrument known as:
In procedural order, which of the following comes first in the formal criminal justice process?
When the police want to interrogate or question a suspect, the officer must first advise the suspect of his/her rights. This is called a(n):
Chicago Crime Commission
The ________, Created in 1919, was a professional association funded by private contributions, which was integral in getting agencies of justice to work together, and getting the work of the criminal justice system recognized.
Between 1976 and 1999, 566 people were executed in the United States and 82 individuals awaiting execution were exonerated. This is a ratio of 1 individual freed for every 7 individuals executed. Such serious errors in the criminal justice system are of concern to advocates of the _____________ perspective.
The ______ perspective sees the justice system as a mechanism of caring for and treating people who cannot manage themselves, and assumes people are at the mercy of social, economic, and interpersonal conditions.
Law enforcement, the courts, and correctional system
The contemporary criminal justice system can be divided into three main components:
Ethical standards are important for in the justice system for all these reasons. (civil rights/liberties suffer, privacy/confidentiality concerns, moral ambiguity)
Ethical issues surface in all parts of the justice system. Why are ethical standards so important in criminal justice?
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