-calculated the exact size of the earth (24.000 miles)
In the year 1421 what was the first ocean going ship? and which one was the most succsesful for long vogayes?
1) the caravel
2) the caravel redondo
What society did the Iroquis have?
What were Prince Henry's (the naviagtor) four goals?
1) increase the power portugal by territorial possession. 2) Benefit economically from the African Coast 3) Spread Christianity 4) Reach Asia
Where was Henry from?
What did columbus believe about the world and why? What effect did this have later on?
Columbus thought that the world was only 18.000 miles because he had the wrong map. This led to him thinking that he could reach China by going west and later discovered what is now know as the caribbean and the Americas.
What country was the first to colonize the western hemisphere?
What is the Treaty of Alcagovas of 1479?
the pope gives recognizes portugal's sphere of interest in Africa & portugal and Spains' in the canary islands.
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)?
line of demarcation, expanded the spheres of influences.
Treaty of Sargossa (1529)?
Most of Asia was placed under portugal's sphere.
Who were the first to circumnavigate the globe?
Magellan and Del Cano
When Edward IV call Lloyd to test Columbus's theory about China and the found the greates place to fish(codfish). What effects did this voyage have?
this voyage produced a negative effect on the population of the western hemisphere because the europeans brought smallpox & started an epidemic which killed 1/3 of the population.
Which king gave Columbus permission to sail west and why?
Fernand; because he had hired Columbus before to protect its country and he did a very good job.
Why did most saillors did not want to go to the canaries?
b/c it had mad dogs.
Which is the first spanish colony in the western hemisphere?
Line of Demarcation
made by the pope; race between Spain and Portugal on who can get to India the fastest.
Where did syphilis start and who had it?
What name did syphilis go by and why?
Where was the first big outbreak?
the taino girls in the western hemisphere
the French disease b/c that's where the first big outbreak took place.
Columbus encounters the first civilized indians in1502 when he went to Honduras. Where are these indians from and who are they?
the Mayans from Yucatan, Mexico
What was wrong with this civilized society from yucatan?
they were cannibals
Who did Cortez tried to conquer the first time around and couldnt?
Why was it so easy the second time around?
b/c smallpox had wiped out most of the population
What was the protestant reformation?
when Martin Luther issued its 95 theses against the Church. it also was a split into the Catholic Church and the protestant Church or movement.
What did the calvanist believe that set them apart from other religions?
What were the followers of this religion called?
What is the EDICT OF NANTES OF 1580?
offered freedom of worship
Who was FRANCIS DRAKE and what did he do?
important commander of the navy for the English. Second person to circumnavigate the globe.
Why did congregationalists come to New England?
b/c they didnt want to pay tithes (10% tax)
Who was massachusetts built by?
What colony passed the Act of Toleration of 1649?
What controversy did Roger William Cause?
What happened to him?
he thought and proposed to the General Court that there should be a separation of State and Church.
He later got exiled of Massachusetts and formed its own colony called Rhode Island. He led a movement called Anabaptist wish were Christians but the state or colony was not going to interfere with their lives.
Which is the first colony to tax ppl for public education?
What colony passed freedom of speech and of press?
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