rules that make clear what behavior is appropriate and expected in a particular situation
The violates of a norm
Rules that specifies how people are expected to behave.
Mala In Se
Morally wrong(evil in itself)
Statutory crime that reflects public opinion at a moment in time because they are prohibited by the law.
The Consensus Perspective
A perspective that sees laws defining crime as the product of social agreement or consensus about what criminal behavior is
A perspective that views the definition of crime as one outcome of a struggle among different groups competing for resources in society
Holds that laws are influenced and created by those who control the political and/or economic power
Prescribed consequences intended to reinforce people’s conformity to norms; they can be POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE!
An act that is criminal because it is prohibited by law.
Criminal Justice System
The interdependent actors and agencies- law enforcement, courts, correctional system, and victim services- at Local,State, and federal levels of government that deal with the problem of crime.
The system in which federal crimes are prosecuted consisting of district courts and the U.S. Supreme Court
The system in which state crimes are prosecuted; it includes both trial and appellate courts.
the systematic, organized effort by society to punish offenders, protect the public, and change an offender’s behavior
to be carried out in a treatment center or under community service
offender remains to serve in the community under court supervision.
An early release from prison conditional on complying with certain standards while free.
A range of resources-such as shelters, transitional housing, counseling, and 24-hour hotlines- aimed at reducing the suffering and facilitating the recovery of victims, especially those who participate in the criminal justice process.
A professional appointed to assist the victim with every aspect of the postvictimization period
Victim impact Statement
A victim's written statement, usually in the Presentence Report, about how the experience with crime affected him or her. Sometimes judges ask victims ti read this statement in open court prior to sentencing
Family and friends of an individual who has been victimized
wedding cake model
An explanation of the workings of the criminal justice system that shows how cases get filtered according to the seriousness of the offense.
1- celebrated cases
3-less serious felonies
Criminal Justice Funnel Model
The funnel shows that decisions made at each stage in the criminal process sort out those people who shouldn't go further from those who continue.
measures taken to prevent crime than to respond to crime after its occurrence
The Crime Control Model
A criminal justice value system that emphasizes the efficient arrest and processing of alleged criminal offenders
due process model
emphasizes individual rights at all stages of justice system processing
the reaction by a group pf people based on exaggerated or false perception about crime and criminal behavior
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