Extra Credit Quiz Chapter 10 This skull shows some of the characteristics of H. erectus, including a long cranium, low forehead, large brow ridges, and ___. Sagittal Keel H. erectus? brain increased about ___ compared to H. habilis. 30% Homo habilis and Homo rudolfensis probably represent the same species because they have similar body types. True If a fully-clothed Nariokotome boy were walking down the streets of New York City, what feature would indicate that he was not a modern human? None of the Above: Large Teeth, Height, The Way He Walked. H. erectus evolved and, after leaving Africa, experienced a long period of stasis without any significant amount of evolution within the species. False Homo habilis differs from earlier australopithecines because: It had a larger brain. Australopithecines and early Homo lived at the same time in Africa. True The first hominid species to disperse from Africa, where it originated, was: H. erectus Fossils of H. erectus have been found at which of these sites in Ethiopia: All of the Above: Bodo, Buia, and Bouri H. erectus expanded from Africa to Europe, Asia, Australia, and North America. False H. erectus? change in limb proportions, to a body with short arms and long legs indicates: Fully modern bipedal locomotion. The rapid spread of H. erectus out of Africa can be attributed in part to: Material culture and tool use. It is possible that australopithecines went extinct and Homo flourished because of: Habitat changes. A H. erectus specimen from Turkey dating to about 500,000 yBP demonstrates the first evidence of ___. Tuberculosis The main reason that H. erectus increased in stature and body size over H. habilis is: Access to animal protein. H. erectus was originally known as: All of the Above: Java man, Peking man, Pithecanthropus erectus. Evidence of fire use at Zhoukoudian included: All of the Above: burned plants, charcoal, burned animal bones. ___ H. erectus were more robust than ___ H. erectus. African/Asian The reduction in the size of H. erectus? teeth was likely the result of the use of fire and tools. True During excavations at this site in China, researchers found the fossil remains of over 40 hominids. Zhoukoudian This animal bone displays evidence that H. erectus used stone tools. True These stone tools made by H. erectus belong to the ___ tool complex. Acheulian Evidence of tool use in H. habilis includes: All of the Above: muscle markers on the hand bones, stone tools present in fossil sites, expanding brain size. This early researcher?s scientific approach to the origin of humans, searching for fossils to test his hypothesis rather than comparative animal anatomy, helped create the discipline of paleoanthropology. Dubois By counting the ?rings? on a tooth, researchers can determine what kind of food H. erectus ate. False
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