name the alkyl groups on the nitrogen first and then add the base name of "amine" e.g. methylamine, diethylamine, diethylmethylamine
How do you name an amine using the IUPAC system?
In the IUPAC system, amines are names as an amino group substituent of a carbon chain. Name the amino group first and then add the base name of the carbon chain. e.g. 3-aminopentane
How do you name an amine using the Chemical Abstracts system?
Amines are named similar to the nomenclature of alcohols. Name the position of the amine first, then the carbon chain (subtract the "e" ending), and then add the ending "amine." e.g. (amine positn)+(alkyl group - "e")+("amine" ending) so 1-hexanamine
True or false: Primary and secondary amines have higher b.p.,m.p.'s, and H2O solubility b/c they have the ability to H-bond with themselves.
Which is a more polar bond, N--H or --OH? Which has a lower boiling point?
---OH is a more polar bond, therefore amines have lower boiling points than alcohols.
Organize these in order from highest to lowest boiling points: H3C---CH3; H3C---OH; H3C---NH2