- China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, & Taiwan - historically unified culture - politically and ideologically divided
Chinese population policy
decline in fertility rates slow RNI aging population
- South Korea, like Japan, exports goods and relies heavily on food imports - North Korea has adopted a path of self-sufficiency - problems with famine & malnutrition - flooding & typhoons
China's economic growth
- shifted the balance of power in the region - improved relations between China & US - nuclear capability of North Korea
Japan's Economic Development
- Boom & bust economy - intertwined corporate economies - tight connection between employers & employees - high cost of living
- newly industrialized countries - Taiwan & Hong Kong - both have higher per capita GDP levels than South Korea - govt-guided economic development in Taiwan - Laissez-faire in HK- market freedom w/ little govt. control
Asian Tigers (South Korea)
- Rise of S. Korea - 1960s program of export-led economic growth in SK - shift from inexpensive consumer goods to heavy industrial products to high-tech equip.
How old is the Ancient Chinese Civilization?
What are the religious/philosophical beliefs?
Buddhism & Confucianism
- stresses education and respecting authority figures
What is the writing system?
each symbol represents a concept rather than a sound
Disadvantage to Chinese Writing System
difficult to learn; thousands of characters must be memorized to be literate
Advantages to Chinese Writing System
Japanese Writing System
- Kanji - Hiragana - Katakana
Kanji (Jap. Writing System)
characters borrowed from Chinese
Hiragana (Jap. Writing System)
quasi-based alphabet expressing word & parts of speech not easily represented by Chinese characters
Katakana (Jap. Writing System)
system for spelling words of foreign origin
Korean Writing System
- used Chinese characters by 1400s - 1443...King Sejong invented "Hangeul" (Korean Alphabet) - exclusively used in both N/S Korea
each symbol represents a distinct sound
A landscape heavily transformed by human agency
provinces that have been granted a certain degree of political and cultural autonomy (freedom from centralized authority) due to the fact that they contain large numbers of non-Han Chinese people.
spheres of influence
limited areas gained by particular European countries for trade purposes and more generally for economic exploitation and political manipulation
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