relaxing of the enforcement of certain laws, such as drug and prostitution laws. It would take the possession and selling of drugs of the criminal code and make it either a civil offense or no offense at all
DARE- Drug Abuse Resistance Program
aimed at children in kindergarten through 12th grade that is designed to equip students with appropriate skills to resist substance abuse and gangs
Involves the elimination of many laws that currently prohibit the distribution and possession of drugs, but not necessarily eliminating all regulation Proponents argue that the government should regulate production and distribution
A frequency measure of drug use in self-report surveys that describes the respondent's use of a drug at least once during his or her lifetime. lifetime experience measures can exaggerate drug use since using a drug once may not be a problem
a frequency measure of drug use in self-report surveys that describes the respondent's use of a drug at least once during the previous month. This tells us whether the respondent is currently using
A frequency measure of drug use in self report surveys that describes the respondent's use of a drug at least once during the prior year. *annual prev. of ecstasy fell by more than half between 01 and 03
Ecstasy (MDMA) Rohypnol GHB
Club drug that has both stimulant and psychedelic effects. it is often used at parties because it enables party-goers to dance and remain active for long periods of time. Ingested in tablet form
tasteless and odorless depressant that is often used in the commission of sexual assaults because it sedates and intoxicates unsuspecting victims. It is a sedative/tranquilizer
odorless, colorless, liquid/ or white powder. Taken orally and is frequently combined with alcohol. Used to incapacitate individuals for the commission of sexual assault/ rape and body builders for its alleged anabolic effects
Which sex uses drugs more often
how early do teens use drugs
how has drug use changed?
before the 60's it was rare, increased between 60 and 75, decreased around the mid 80's, late 80's it increased again, 97 started to go back down, since 2003 drug arrests have been decreasing
what % of 12th graders have used pot?
1980- 60% used at least once 2006- 42% used at least once 2009- 32% used at least once has been decreasing
4 reasons drugs contribute to delinquency?
1- have pharmacological effects- 2- way to get drugs and drug money- 1/4 urban kids who committed burglary said it was to get drug money 3- drug trade- 4-chronic use predisposes kids to engage in delinquency- bond to other users& delinq. rather than fam
What are some examples of pharmacological effects
weaken control, withdraw, irritability, more likely to engage in some sort of provoking crime, being on drugs are more likely to take offense to a small dispute, fighting results quickly
What about the drug trade causes delinquency
disputes in trade lead to crime, engage in violence with each other (turf wars), and robbers see customers as easy targets
What racial/ethnic group and sex is most likely to use alcohol and drugs?
Statistics for non-alcohol drug arrests
In 2008 8.5% of arrests were drug related and 85% of them were over the age of 15
what kind of drug users have heavy engagement in other crimes?
40% of violent crimes involved alcohol 40-60% of males arrested tested positive for week and coke
What is the connection between drug use and delinuency?
Strong connection, users are more likely to be involved in other types of crimes
approach to drug use (1)
double failure- fail by not being successful and then become a failure and resort to drug use
approach to drug use (2)
learning to use drugs- all behavior good or bad is learned. teens receive (+) reinforcement for drug use from peers and you get pleasure out of usage
approach to drug use (3)
weakening of social control- norms in society, when they weaken, delinquency occurs
approach to drug use (4)
subcultural and socialization- gangs, hippies, greek life- being in a peer group that encourages drug use
4 types of kids who are less likely to violate drug use
1- strongly ATTACHED to conventional people 2- COMMITTED to conventional institutions (religion, military) 3-heavily INVOLVED in conventional activities (sports- to busy to use) 4- BELIEVE in conventional norms
Objectives of D.A.R.E
skills to resist peer pressure enhancing self esteem learn assertive skills learn alternatives to drugs reduce violence
Does D.A..R.E show any significant influence?
How is UCR flawed in measurement of drug-related delinquency
-only reports crimes KNOWN to police, only the most serious offenses are reported
What is the link between families and drug users?
- parents who are distant, fight a lot with their kids or are overly strict or inconsistent tend to use drugs
What does Merton say about drug users?
They are a double failure- fail once by not being successful in society so they fail again by becoming a drug user to cope with the first failure
Wat are the 5 categories for drug treatment programs?
1-detox prog- inpatient- to end users addiction to drugs 2-chemical dependency units- inpatient 3-4 weeks 3-outpatient clinics- counseling and support 4-methadone maintenance prog- heroin addicts treated with it to "block" cravings 5-Residential theraputic communities- 18 months in a highly structured program
What are some flaws of self report surveys?
misses the 18% of students who miss school, which are typically drug users and doesnt include the 15% of dropouts who are at higher risk of drug use
Correlation between teen sex and drug use?
teens 15 and older and also use drugs are 5 times more likely to have sex
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