Last Modified: 2011-06-23
Related Textbooks:Crime and Justice: Learning through Cases
courtroom work group
criminal justice professionals who conduct the daily business of the criminal courts
a system in which the prosecution and the defense are each on opposing sides seeking to persuade the judge and the jury to accept its version of the truth.
public officials who preside over courts of law
a trial in which the judge hears the facts and issues a verdict on the guilt or innocence of the defendants
Missouri merit selection plan
judicial selection plan devised in 1940 that relies on an independent commission of lawyers to nominate candidates for final appointment by the governor of the state subject to voter approval
a government attorney who instigates the prosecution of an accused and represents the interests of the state at trial
interests of justice
ethical duty of the prosecutor to administer justice for all rather than seek conviction
the authority held by prosecutors to use discretion in choosing whom to prosecute
a formal entry in the record by which a prosecutor declares he or she will not prosecute the case
dead bang case
case in which the evidence to convict is strong
the negotiation of an agreement among the prosecutor, judge, and the defense counsel as to the charge or sentence to be imposed if the defendant enters a guilty plea
local informal norms concerning the typical sentence for a given crime within a particular court or jurisdiction
defendant's formal entries of a guilty plea without explicit negotiation by the courthouse work group
plea negotiations that agree on the type of sentence to be imposed in exchange for a guilty plea on a given charge
plea negotiations that agree on the charges to be filed in exchange for a guilty plea by the defendant
charging a single offense at the most serious level possible to maximize the state's advantage in plea negotiations
charging multiple count indictments to maximize the state's advantage in plea negotiations
asset forfeiture laws
statutes that authorize the confiscation of cash, vehicles, property, and other assets used in the commission of crime or purchased with criminal profits
contingent plea agreement
agreement that the defendant forfeit specific assets prior to the start of plea negotiations
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