Last Modified: 2011-05-02
Related Textbooks:The Developing Person Through the Life Span (paper)
broad category of disease and conditions that affect the heart such as high blood pressure , coronary artery disease, and heart attack
coronary heart disease: when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become hardened and narrow due to astherosclerosis: plaque build up of fatty materials or cholesterol
arrhythmias: irregular heartbeats
angina: chest pains
myocardial infarction: heart attack
broad category of diseases that cause problems with blood flow to and through the brain resulting in destruction of brain cells and tissue and tissue once the flow of oxygen and nutrients stop
-condition mostly associated with cerebrovascular disease is a stroke
-hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel in the brain breaks or bleeds
-aneurysm: weak or thin artery that allows a leak or blood rupture to happen
1 thrombosis: formation of a clot within a blood vessel in the brain or neck
2 embolism: the movement of a clot from another part of the boy to the brain
3 stenosis: the severe narrowing of an artery in orleading to the brain
- Type 1: body's immune system destroys the insulin producing cells in pancreas (must take insulin everyday to survive, usually develops in childhood)
- Type 2: pancreas produce insulin but body cannot use it because it is resistant (more common and mildr than type 1, adult onset, obesity)
Gestational: develops late in pregnancy and fades after birth but women are at higher risk for developing it later
-one of many diseases that can cause dementia
- brain disease involving misplaced proteins that get clumped and tangled with other brain tissue which disrupt connections betwee nerve cells , accelerate the loss of synapses, lower levels of neurotransmitters, and eventually lead to the death of nerve cells
-A group of symptoms or conditions that result form brain-related diseases
-common symptoms include memory loss and difficulty communicating, learning new information, planning, organizing, and reasoning
1 preclinical stage: starts 10-20 years before diagnosis, brain atrophy begins
2 mild stage:diagnosis is made, memory loss, confusion over familiar things and places, mood and personality changes
3 moderate stage: brain damage has spread to areas that control sensory processing and conscious thought, supervision is needed
4 severe stage: little awareness of self, language functions have deteriorated completely, experience seizures...
-25% of americans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder at some point
- anxiety disorders are the most common pasychological disorders in the u.s.
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