A major premise underlying psychoanalytic or psychodynamic theories of personality is that _____.
unconscious forces have an enormous impact on our behavior
Which of the following is NOT associated with Adler's individual psychology?
Besides sexual and aggressive forces, Jung believed the unconscious contained _____.
positive and spiritual motives
According to Jung, our collective unconscious consists of _____.
According to Jung, the primitive images and patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behavior that reside in the collective unconscious are called _____.
Horney believed Freud's concept of penis envy _____.
reflected male biases
Two theorists associated with the humanistic perspective of personality development are _____.
Rogers and Maslow
According to Rogerians, the information and beliefs you have about your nature, unique qualities, and typical behavior is called your _____.
According to Maslow, what did Abraham Lincoln, Albert Einstein, Mahatma Ghandi, and Eleanor Roosevelt have in common?
they were all fully self-actualized
Wilson took this psychology course once before and failed. However, he refuses to give up, and believes that he can earn a "C" or better this time even though he still has to work part-time. It is likely that Wilson _____.
has high self-efficacy
Cecily believes she can become the top saleswoman in her company; consequently, she comes in early and stays late which puts her in contact with more customers. Additionally, her enthusiasm inspires customers to pay attention to the benefits of her product, and every sale Cecily makes inspires her to make another. This is an example of Bandura's theory of _____.
Support for a biological contribution to personality can be found in brain research, which suggests that extroversion is associated with activation in the ______ lobe(s) of the brain.
This is the study of the extent to which behavioral differences are due to genetics rather than the environment.
It is believed that 40-50% of the influence on personality results from _______ factors.
On _____ personality tests, people are asked to describe themselves on paper-and-pencil tasks that have a limited number of response options and a standardized scoring system.
The use of ambiguous, unstructured stimuli to assess personality is called _____ testing.
Ailsa has been given a card with an inkblot on it, and is asked "What might this be?" It is MOST likely that Ailsa is taking a(n) _____ personality test.
Freud believed one good way to look into the unconscious is
Which book is widely considered Freud's masterpiece?
The Interpretation of Dreams
Defense mechanisms are ways uncomfortable emotions are handled:
by most people every day
Sigmund Freud proposed it is useful to think of the human mind as having _____ different components.
three (id, superego, and ego)
In the Freudian model of the human mind, the ego is:
the rational, problem-solving part
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