- "subcontinent" - a distinct landmass of Asia south of Himalayas - India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, & Maldives - extensive cultural & religious diversity - 2nd most populous region & growing - British colony for several centuries; indep. since 1947 - Geopolitical conflicts between India & Pakistan - both have nuclear weapons
Cultural Coherence & Diversity
- Early unity: Hinduism - Islam- added dimension to cultural landscape - British colonialism until 1947
- Dravidian: language family unique to South Asia - linguistic nationalism
How many official Indian languages are there?
British Partition (1947)
- India & E/W Pakistan Hindu & Muslim majorities, respectively - Millions displaced
S. Asia North Mts.
-Himalayan Range -Karakoram Range -Seismic activity -several peaks exceed 7,600 m - Population centers: Valley of Kashmir & Kathmandu Valley