What personality theory would advocate the use of projective personality testing?
Psychoanalytic Theory- originated by Sigmund Freud, in which free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of resistance and transference are used to explore repressed or unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts, in order to free psychic energy or mature love and work.
What is Thematic Apperception Test?
a projective test in which the subject interprets a series of drawings of relatively ambiguous life situations.
Rorschach Inkblot test
What does the humanistic perception emphasize?
the growth potential of healthy people. Maslow believed that if basic human needs are fulfilled, people will strive more toward self-actualization. Rogers advised to be genuine, accepting, and empathetic.
a characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, an assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports.
>People's characteristic behaviors and conscious motives.
What part of the brain is related to introversion and extraversion? Describe the relative activity of this part of the brain w/ intro and extraversion.
Describe the relative activity of this part of the brain when discussion introversion and extraversion. (569) *Jon Stewart- extraverted
>dopamine tends to be higher in extraverted people/ brain arousal is relatively low.
>> frontal lobe area involved in behavior inhibition is less active in extraverts than introverts.
Know the BIG FIVE personality trait dimensions
Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism (emotional stability vs. Instability), Openness, Extraversion
Define reciprocal determinism
the interacting influences of behavior, internal cognition, and environment.
>the environment you choose shapes you >>our personalities shape how we interpret and react to events >>>our personalities help create situations to which we react
Define external and internal locus of control
External- the perception that chance or outside forces beyond your control determine their fate.
Internal- the perception thy you control your own fate.
Define learned helplessness
someone faced repeatedly with traumatic events and have no control, come to feel helpless, hopeless, and depressed.
Define self-serving bias
a readiness to perceive oneself favorably.
>people accept more responsibility for good deeds than for bad, and for successes than failures.
>>most people see themselves as better than average.
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