Chapter 13 Post Test Study Checks Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. A therapist's relationship to a client is impacted by the a. therapist's theoretical approach. b. client's perspective. c. interaction of the therapists theoretical approach and the client's perspective. d. none of the above. ____ 2. The function of early asylums was to a. provide a place to store the mentally ill. b. treat individuals with psychological disorders. c. spiritually cleanse those with abnormal behavior. d. house new slaves. ____ 3. Psychodynamic therapies assume that psychological disorders originate in a. early childhood experiences and inner conflicts. b. inherited predispositions. c. too much unconditional love. d. an inconsistent reinforcement history. ____ 4. A goal of psychoanalysis was to strengthen the psychic structure that Freud called the a. id. c. superego. b. ego. d. conscience. ____ 5. Client-centered therapy focuses on how childhood experiences create __________ which adversely affect the client's current functioning. a. positive regard c. self-actualization b. self-efficacy d. denial of self ____ 6. In client-centered therapy, the therapist tries to set aside his or her own values and experiences and view the world through the client's a. frame of reference. c. unconscious impulses. b. neurosis. d. wish fulfillment. ____ 7. Gestalt therapy differs from client-centered therapy in that Gestalt approaches are a. more directive. c. more Freudian. b. less directive. d. more conventional. ____ 8. Behavior therapy applies the principles of __________ to modify behavior. a. dynamics c. avoidance b. cognition d. learning ____ 9. One of the most successful techniques for overcoming phobias is a. aversive conditioning. c. systematic desensitization. b. token economies. d. classical conditioning. ____ 10. To change a client's nail biting behavior, the client is instructed to paint their nails with a coating that tastes terrible. This is a(n) __________ method. a. aversive conditioning c. counter conditioning b. extinction d. flooding ____ 11. Token economy is a behavioral treatment approach based on __________ conditioning principles. a. aversive c. latent b. classical d. operant ____ 12. __________ therapists focus on beliefs and attitudes that create and compound their clients' psychological problems. a. Cognitive c. Learning b. Psychoanalytic d. Gestalt ____ 13. Selective perception and a tendency to overgeneralize are __________ as defined by Aaron Beck. a. inappropriate behaviors c. aversive ideas b. cognitive errors or distortions d. poor cognitive skills ____ 14. One advantage to group therapy is that it is a. more economical. b. more effective. c. more fun. d. better for individuals who want more personal attention. ____ 15. It is easiest to measure the outcomes of __________ goals in therapy. a. self-actualization c. ego analysis b. behavioral d. psychodynamic ____ 16. Most antianxiety drugs belong to the chemical class known as a. benzodiazepines. c. oxazepam. b. Xanax. d. Valium. ____ 17. Prefrontal lobotomy, a failed __________ procedure, involved severing the nerve connections between the prefrontal lobes and the thalamus. a. psychopharmacological c. psychotherapy b. psychosurgical d. psychodynamic ____ 18. Cognitive therapy provides_______________that reduce the risk of recurrence of depression when treatment ends. a. Behavioral reversals c. Coping Skills b. Anti depressants d. Dream interpretations Chapter 13 Post Test Study Checks Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 454 OBJ: 1. What are the four essentials of psychotherapy? 2. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 454 OBJ: How has treatment of psychological problems changed through history? 3. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 456 OBJ: What does Freud?s psychodynamic therapy aim to modify? 4. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 456 OBJ: How is traditional psychoanalysis conducted? 5. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 460 OBJ: What do humanistic therapies focus on? 6. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 461 OBJ: What are the qualities of an effective client-centered therapist? 7. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 462 OBJ: What are the assumptions of Gestalt therapy? 8. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 463 OBJ: What does behavior therapy focus on 9. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 464 OBJ: How does systematic desensitization work? NOT: WEB, CD-ROM 10. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 465 OBJ: How does aversive conditioning work? 11. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 466 OBJ: How does a token economy work? NOT: WEB 12. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 REF: 468 OBJ: What does cognitive therapy focus on and aim to change? 13. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 469 OBJ: What are four cognitive errors that contribute to clients? miseries? 14. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 471 OBJ: What are six advantages of group therapy? 15. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 15-575 OBJ: What are the five issues or problems in conducting research on psychotherapy? 16. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 479 OBJ: How are anti-anxiety and antidepressant drugs believed to work? 17. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 2 REF: 481 OBJ: What is the history and effects of prefrontal lobotomies? 18. ANS: C PTS: 1 OBJ: 63. What are four methods cognitive behavior therapists suggest we can do to reverse the characteristics of depression? P. 482
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