Enlightenment thought applied to religion; emphasized reason, morality, and natural law.
Late 18th century liberal offshoot of the New England Congregationalist church; rejecting the Trinity. Unitarianism professed the oneness of God and the goodness of rational man.
Second Great Awakening
Religious revival movement of the early decades of the 19th century in reaction to the growth of secularism and rationalist religion; began the predominance of the Baptist and Methodist churches.
Charismatic successor to Joseph Smith, who led the Mormon people from Illinois to new land near the Great Salt Lake in Utah, which was then part of Mexico.
Educator whose accounts of the conditions of the mentally ill in jails and almhouses in Massachusetts led to the transformation social attitudes toward mental illness.
Charles Grandison Finney
Successful "Burned-Over District" evangelist. Conversion was in the individual. Transformed revivals into collective conversion experiences-spectacular public events displaces private communion, unregenerate brought into public contact with praying Christians.