Chapter 13 Terms Terms: Grassroots lobbying: lobbying conducted by rank-and-file members of an interest group Insider tactics: interest group activity that includes normal lobbying on Capital Hill, working closely with members of Congress, and contributing money to incumbents? campaigns. Contrasts with outsider tactics Outsider tactics: interest group activities designed to influence elected officials by threatening to impose political costs on them if they do not respond. Include marches, demonstrations, campaign contributions to opponents, and electoral mobilization direct tactic: Interest groups: organized groups of people seeking to influence public policy Lobbying: activities through which individuals, interest groups, and other institutions seek to influence public policy by persuading gov. officials to support their groups positions Lobbyists: professionals who work to influence public policy in favor of their clients? interests Moral incentives: the personal satisfaction of active self-expression through contribution or other involvement to social causes Policy gridlock: political paralysis in the face of pressing national problems Public interest lobby: a group that promotes some conception of public interests rather than the narrowly defined economic or other special interests of its members Selective incentives: private goods or benefits that induce rational actors to participate in a collective effort to provide a collective good Social movements: amorphous movements of people sharing general values and a desire for social change
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